Nuwe resepte

State met die meeste McDonald's en wat dit beteken

State met die meeste McDonald's en wat dit beteken

Van kus tot kus is McDonald's 'n bekende, indien nie ikoniese, handelsmerk. Alhoewel sy teenwoordigheid wêreldwyd en steeds groter word, is die Verenigde State die tuiste van 'n buitensporige hoeveelheid Golden Arches; die restaurantketting het ongeveer 15 862 takke landwyd en meer as 33 000 wêreldwyd, volgens sy webwerf.

Klik hier om meer te lees oor die state met die meeste McDonald's en wat dit beteken (skyfievertoning)

The Daily Meal het 'n lys opgestel van state met die meeste McDonald's volgens die webwerf menuism.com. Ons het ook die statistieke oor vetsug in die Verenigde State vergelyk deur data te gebruik van die "F as in Fat" -projek, vervaardig deur die Robert Wood Johnson Foundation en die Trust for America's Health.

Alhoewel daar geen direkte verband is tussen die aantal McDonald's -liggings in 'n staat en die vetsugsyfer vir die staat nie, is dit opmerklik dat daar 'n groeiende vetsug -epidemie in die Verenigde State is, en state met 'n groter aantal McDonald's -plekke is ook geneig om te hê hoër vetsugsyfers. Veral kindervetsug het ook gegroei, met ongeveer 17 persent (of 12,5 miljoen) van kinders en adolessente van 2 tot 19 jaar wat as vetsugtig beskou word.

Volgens navorsers aan die Universiteit van Michigan het hulle ontdek dat die risiko van beroerte toeneem met die oorheersing van kitskosrestaurante in 'n woonbuurt. Die studie beklemtoon die feit dat inwoners van Texas met die grootste aantal kitskosrestaurante 'n relatiewe risiko van beroerte met 13 persent het as diegene wat in gebiede met die laagste aantal restaurante woon. Elke bykomende McDonald's, Jack in the Box of Taco Bell het ook die risiko van beroerte met 1 persent verhoog.

Kalifornië is die nommer een met die meeste McDonald's in die staat met 1492 plekke. Aan die teenoorgestelde kant van die spektrum is Noord -Dakota met slegs 29 plekke. Ander state met min McDonald's sluit onder meer Alaska, South Dakota, Vermont, Washington, DC en Wyoming in.

Texas kom op nommer twee op die lys met die meeste buiteposte, en het ongeveer 1225 McDonald's. Volgens die Texas Department of State of Health Services is die toenemende voorkoms van kinders en volwassenes met oorgewig en vetsugtig 'n groeiende en werklike kommer vir die staat. Dit het selfs die stap geneem om 'n deurlopende program vir die voorkoming van vetsug aan te bied wat saam met die staats- en plaaslike organisasies werk om intervensies op die gebied van voeding en fisieke aktiwiteit op wetenskaplike basis, beleid en omgewingsveranderinge te bevorder om vetsug en oorgewig te voorkom en te beheer.

Lees die volledige lys van die state met die meeste McDonald's.

11: Virginia

Virginia het ongeveer 445 McDonald's -plekke in die staat. Wat die vetsugsyfer betref, het dit die hoogste uit die 11 state wat op ons lys verskyn, met 33,8 persent teen 27,7 persent in 2003 en 13,7 persent in 1990. In 2000 ontvang 'n vrou 'n ongewenste verrassing in 'n boks hoendervlerkies van McDonald's, 'n hele hoenderkop, wat nogal 'n groot opswaai in die pers gemaak het.

10: Noord -Carolina

Noord-Carolina het ongeveer 475 McDonald's en 'n volwasse vetsugsyfer van 29,6 persent teenoor 24 persent in 2003 en 12,3 persent in 1990. Dit is opmerklik dat Noord-Carolina die eerste LEED-gesertifiseerde McDonald's-restaurant is, te Kildaire Farm Road 1299, in Julie 2009 geopen.

Lees verder vir meer inligting oor die state met die meeste McDonald's en wat dit beteken


9 redes waarom McDonald's beter is in Australië as in Amerika

Almal wat in Australië woon, weet nooit om McDonald's op sy regte naam te noem nie - dit was een van die eerste dinge wat ek geleer het toe ek hier kom om in die buiteland te studeer. "Macca's" bedien al die kitskos -gunstelinge waaraan ek in die Verenigde State gewoond geraak het, maar met 'n Aussie -draai.

Al wat u hoef te doen is om na 'n aanraakskerm te gaan, u bestelling te plaas, te betaal en te wag totdat u nommer gebel word. Dan is dit tyd om hierdie 10 lekkernye te geniet wat Macca's beter maak as McDonald's.


Kan ek kitskos koop met SNAP en die restaurant -etesprogram (RMP)?

Ja, u kan u SNAP -fondse gebruik in sekere state wat deelneem aan The Restaurant Meals Program.

Die restaurantmaaltye -program, wat in 1978 bekendgestel is, is deel van die federale wet op voedselstempels. Dit is 'n goeie trou-uitbreiding vir diegene wat nie die middele kan of nie het nie, om tuis kos te maak.

RMP is bedoel om honger onder bejaardes, gestremdes en haweloses te voorkom deur hulle toe te laat om hul SNAP -fondse te gebruik om warm maaltye by goedgekeurde kitskosplekke en restaurante te koop. U is nie net beperk tot kruidenierswinkels nie, donutwinkels en bakkerye wat EBT aanvaar.

Beteken dit dat daar iets soos EBT -kitskoslewering bestaan? Indien wel, watter kitskosplekke neem kosseëls?

Die federale wet laat die diskresie oor die deelname aan die Restaurant Meals Program (RMP) aan die state oor. Elke staat het die vryheid om te besluit of EBT-kitskoslewering toegestaan ​​moet word, en stel die kriteria om in aanmerking te kom om 'n EBT-kaart te gebruik om kos by goedgekeurde goedkoop restaurante te koop.

Oor die algemeen moet diegene wat vir die Restaurant Meals -program kwalifiseer, 'n bruto inkomstevlak onder die federale armoedegrens hê en bejaardes, gestremdes of haweloses wees. Alhoewel die federale wet dit toelaat, neem nie baie state deel aan die restaurant -etesprogram nie. As sodanig is daar slegs 'n paar kitskosplekke wat EBT aanvaar.


State met die meeste McDonald's

McDonald's (NYSE: MCD) is nie Amerika se grootste kitskosketting nie, en daar is slegs ongeveer 14.000 winkels regoor die land, in teenstelling met meer as 25.000 metro -winkels. Dit is egter verreweg die grootste hamburgerketting - die naaste mededinger, Burger King, het net sowat 7 500 winkels - en die mees ikoniese.

Met behulp van data wat van die McDonald's -webwerf ingesamel is, het 24/7 Wall St. die aantal McDonald's -plekke in elke staat geïdentifiseer. Die telling wissel van 25 in Noord -Dakota tot 1 295 in Kalifornië. Die konsentrasie van McDonald's se restaurante wissel ook aansienlik.

Vyf van die tien state met die hoogste konsentrasies McDonald's per 100,000 inwoners - Wes -Virginia, Arkansas, Kentucky, Oklahoma en Michigan - is ook een van die tien state met die hoogste vetsug. Daar is egter feitlik geen navorsing wat 'n oorsaaklike verband tussen die beskikbaarheid van Big Macs en Quarter Pounders - of enige ander kitskos - en ongunstige gesondheidsuitkomste bepaal nie.

'N Studie in 2011 in The Journal of Rural Health, byvoorbeeld, het 'n verband gevind (alhoewel nie 'n oorsaaklike verband nie) tussen kitskoswinkels en negatiewe gesondheidsuitkomste in metropolitaanse gebiede, maar nie in 'n landelike omgewing nie. In 2013 het die CARDIA (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) -studie van 'n National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute -studie geen verband gevind tussen BMI (liggaamsmassa -indeks) en die digtheid van kitskosrestaurante en geriefswinkels nie. In 'n sistematiese oorsig van ongeveer 46 studies wat tussen 2005 en 2015 gepubliseer is oor die verband tussen 'n kitskosomgewing en vetsugsyfers in die Verenigde State en in die buiteland deur The Journal of Obesity and Weight Loss Therapy, het die oorweldigende meerderheid min of geen konsekwente verband gevind tussen vetsug en kitskos.

Aan die ander kant het 'n studie wat in 2015 deur twee navorsers van die Geospatial Sciences Center of Excellence aan die South Dakota State University gepubliseer is, ontdek dat bevolkings in stedelike omgewings hoofsaaklik bedien word deur restaurante en kruidenierswinkels wat laer is as die wat vinnig kosplekke en geriefswinkels oorheers.

Dit is egter belangrik om te onthou dat daar baie ander faktore behalwe restaurantkeuses is wat ook kan bydra tot vetsug en ander moontlik dieetverwante toestande soos kardiovaskulêre siektes en diabetes. Lae inkomste, hoë armoede en relatiewe onbeskikbaarheid van vars vrugte en groente dra ook by tot 'n ongesonde lewe.


Inhoud

Op 4 Mei 1961 het McDonald's die eerste keer 'n Amerikaanse handelsmerk ingedien met die naam "McDonald's" met die beskrywing "Drive-In Restaurant Services", wat steeds hernu word. Teen 13 September het McDonald's, onder leiding van Ray Kroc, 'n handelsmerk op 'n nuwe logo ingedien-'n oorvleuelende, dubbele boog "M" -simbool. Maar voor die dubbele boë het McDonald's 'n enkele boog gebruik vir die argitektuur van hul geboue. Alhoewel die "Golden Arches" -logo in verskillende vorme verskyn het, is die huidige weergawe eers op 18 November 1968 gebruik toe die onderneming 'n Amerikaanse handelsmerk geniet.

Die huidige korporasie skryf sy stigting toe aan die franchise -sakeman Ray Kroc op 15 April 1955. Dit was eintlik die negende geopende McDonald's -restaurant in die algemeen, hoewel hierdie plek in 1984 vernietig en herbou is. In 1961 het Kroc die McDonald -broers se aandele in die onderneming gekoop. en het die onderneming wêreldwyd bereik. [20] Kroc is opgeteken as 'n aggressiewe sakevennoot wat die McDonald -broers uit die bedryf verdryf het.

Kroc en die McDonald -broers het geveg om beheer oor die onderneming, soos gedokumenteer in Kroc se outobiografie. Die San Bernardino -restaurant is uiteindelik in 1971 afgebreek, en die perseel is in 1998 aan die Juan Pollo -ketting verkoop. Hierdie gebied dien as hoofkwartier vir die Juan Pollo -ketting, en 'n McDonald's en Route 66 -museum. [21] Met die uitbreiding van McDonald's na baie internasionale markte, het die onderneming 'n simbool geword van globalisering en die verspreiding van die Amerikaanse lewenswyse. Die bekendheid daarvan het dit gereeld 'n onderwerp gemaak van openbare debatte oor vetsug, korporatiewe etiek en verbruikersverantwoordelikheid.

Feite en syfers

McDonald's -restaurante word in 120 lande en gebiede regoor die wêreld aangetref en bedien elke dag 68 miljoen kliënte. [23] [24] McDonald's bedryf wêreldwyd 37.855 restaurante en het teen die einde van 2018 meer as 210.000 mense in diens. [12] [13] [23] Daar is 'n totaal van 2 770 ondernemings en 35 085 franchises, insluitend 21 685 plekke is toegewys aan konvensionele franchisenemers, 7,225 plekke wat aan ontwikkelingslisensiehouers gelisensieer is, en 6,175 plekke wat aan buitelandse filiale gelisensieer is. [12] [13]

Met sy fokus op sy kernmerk, het McDonald's begin verkoop van ander kettings wat hy gedurende die 1990's aangeskaf het. Die maatskappy het 'n meerderheidsbelang in Chipotle Mexican Grill besit tot Oktober 2006, toe McDonald's ten volle van Chipotle deur 'n aandelebeurs verkoop het. [25] [26] Tot Desember 2003 was dit die eienaar van Donatos Pizza, en het dit 'n klein deel van die Aroma Café van 1999 tot 2001 besit. Op 27 Augustus 2007 verkoop McDonald's Boston Market aan Sun Capital Partners. [27]

Dit is opmerklik dat McDonald's die aandeelhouers se dividende vir 25 agtereenvolgende jare verhoog het, wat dit een van die S & ampP 500 Dividend Aristocrats maak. [29] [30] Die maatskappy is op die 131ste plek op die Fortune 500 van die grootste korporasies in die Verenigde State volgens inkomste. [31] In Oktober 2012 het sy maandelikse verkope vir die eerste keer in nege jaar gedaal. [32] In 2014 het sy kwartaallikse verkope vir die eerste keer in sewentien jaar gedaal, toe sy verkope vir die hele 1997 gedaal het. [33]

In die Verenigde State word berig dat deurbrake 70 persent van die verkope uitmaak. [34] [35] McDonald's het in 2015 184 restaurante in die Verenigde State gesluit, wat 59 meer was as wat hulle beplan het om oop te maak. [36] [37] Hierdie stap was die eerste keer dat McDonald's sedert 1970 'n netto afname in die aantal plekke in die Verenigde State gehad het. [37]

Die McDonald's-afleweringskonsep op aanvraag, wat in 2017 begin het met 'n vennootskap met Uber Eats en deurDash toegevoeg is in 2019 (met geselekteerde plekke wat Grubhub in 2021 toevoeg), beslaan tot 3% van alle sake vanaf 2019. [38]

Die verkope van $ 100 miljard wat deur McDonald's-maatskappye en franchise-restaurante in 2019 gegenereer is, beslaan bykans 4% van die geskatte $ 2.5 biljoen wêreldwye restaurantbedryf. [39]

Finansies

Vir die boekjaar 2018 het McDonald's 'n wins van $ 5,9 miljard gerapporteer, met 'n jaarlikse inkomste van $ 21,0 miljard, 'n afname van 7,9% in vergelyking met die vorige fiskale siklus. McDonald's se aandele het meer as $ 145 per aandeel verhandel, en sy markkapitalisasie was in September 2018 meer as $ 134,5 miljard.

Jaar Inkomste
in mil. USD $
Netto inkomste
in mil. USD $
Totale bates
in mil. USD $
Prys per aandeel
in USD $
Plekke [40] Werknemers Verw.
2005 19,117 2,602 29,989 31.88 [41]
2006 20,895 3,544 28,975 36.79 31,046 [41]
2007 22,787 2,395 29,392 50.98 31.377 [41]
2008 23,522 4,313 28,462 58.06 31,967 [42]
2009 22,745 4,551 30,225 57.44 32,478 [43]
2010 24,075 4,946 31,975 70.91 32,737 [44]
2011 27,006 5,503 32,990 83.97 33,510 [45]
2012 27,567 5,465 35,387 92.53 34,480 [46]
2013 28,106 5,586 36,626 97.26 35,429 440,000 [47]
2014 27,441 4,758 34,227 96.38 36,258 420,000 [48]
2015 25,413 4,529 37,939 100.28 36,525 420,000 [49]
2016 24,622 4,687 31,024 120.14 36,899 375,000 [50]
2017 22,820 5,192 33,804 148.76 37,241 235,000 [51]
2018 21,025 5,924 32,811 166.06 37,855 210,000 [52]
2019 21,077 6,025 47,511 38,695 205,000 [53]

Besigheidsmodel

Die onderneming besit al die grond waarop sy restaurante geleë is, wat na raming $ 16 tot $ 18 miljard kos. [ aanhaling nodig ] Die onderneming verdien 'n aansienlike deel van sy inkomste uit huurbetalings van franchisenemers. Hierdie huurbetalings het tussen 2010 en 2015 met 26 % gestyg, wat verantwoordelik was vir 'n vyfde van die totale inkomste van die onderneming aan die einde van die tydperk. [54] In onlangse tye is daar 'n beroep gedoen om die Amerikaanse aandele van die maatskappy in 'n moontlike beleggingstrust te laat draai, maar die maatskappy het tydens sy beleggerskonferensie op 10 November 2015 aangekondig dat dit nie sou gebeur nie. Steve Easterbrook, uitvoerende hoof, het bespreek dat die strewe na die REIT -opsie 'n te groot risiko vir die onderneming se sakemodel inhou. [55]

Die sakemodel van die Verenigde Koninkryk en Ierland verskil van die VSA, deurdat minder as 30 persent van die restaurante gekonsentreer is, met die meerderheid onder die eienaarskap van die onderneming. McDonald's lei sy franchisenemers en bestuur op aan die Hamburger Universiteit, geleë in sy hoofkwartier in Chicago. [56] [57] In ander lande word McDonald's -restaurante bedryf deur gesamentlike ondernemings van McDonald's Corporation en ander, plaaslike entiteite of regerings. [58]

Volgens Kitskosnasie deur Eric Schlosser (2001), was byna een uit elke agt werkers in die VSA al 'n tyd in diens van McDonald's. Werknemers word deur McDonald's Corp. aangemoedig om hul gesondheid te handhaaf deur saam met hul gunsteling liedjies te sing om spanning te verlig, kerkdienste by te woon om 'n laer bloeddruk te ondergaan en om jaarliks ​​twee vakansies te neem om die risiko vir miokardiale infarksie te verminder. . [59] Kitskosnasie beweer dat McDonald's die grootste private operateur van speelgronde in die VSA is, sowel as die grootste koper van beesvleis, varkvleis, aartappels en appels. Die keuse van vleis wat McDonald's gebruik, wissel tot 'n mate op grond van die kultuur van die gasheerland. [60]

Hoofkwartier

Op 13 Junie 2016 bevestig McDonald's planne om sy wêreldwye hoofkwartier na die West Loop -woonbuurt in Chicago in die Near West Side te verskuif. Die struktuur van 608 000 vierkante meter het op 4 Junie 2018 geopen en is gebou op die voormalige perseel van Harpo Productions (waar Die Oprah Winfrey Show en verskeie ander Harpo -produksies opgeneem). [6] [7]

Die voormalige hoofkwartierkompleks van McDonald's, McDonald's Plaza, is in Oak Brook, Illinois, geleë. Dit lê op die terrein van die voormalige hoofkwartier en stalgebied van Paul Butler, die stigter van Oak Brook. [61] McDonald's verhuis in 1971 na die Oak Brook -fasiliteit vanaf 'n kantoor in die Chicago Loop. [62]

Raad van direkteure

Vanaf Februarie 2021 [update] het die raad van direkteure die volgende lede gehad: [63]

    , president en uitvoerende hoof van Inter-Con Security, nie-uitvoerende voorsitter
  • Lloyd H. Dean, president en uitvoerende hoof van Dignity Health, president en uitvoerende hoof van McDonald's, bedryfsvennoot van Friedman Fleischer & amp Lowe, uitvoerende hoof van Ancestry.com, nie-uitvoerende beampte van Conagra Brands
  • John J. Mulligan, uitvoerende vise-president en uitvoerende hoof van Target Corporation, nie-uitvoerende voorsitter van Jones Lang LaSalle, voorsitter en uitvoerende hoof van Ariel Investments, voorsitter en uitvoerende hoof van Abbott Laboratories, voorsitter emeritus. Ook emeritusvoorsitter van Schwarz Supply Source
  • Catherine M. Engelbert, kommissaris van die Women's National Basketball Association, uitvoerende voorsitter van McLaren Group

Op 1 Maart 2015, nadat hy die hoof handelsmerkbeampte van McDonald's en sy voormalige hoof in die Verenigde Koninkryk en Noord -Europa was, word Steve Easterbrook uitvoerende hoof, en volg Don Thompson op, wat op 28 Januarie 2015 uittree.

Op 4 November 2019 het McDonald's aangekondig dat Steve Easterbrook nie meer uitvoerende hoof sou wees nie weens 'n oortreding van die maatskappy se riglyne rakende verhoudings met werknemers. Easterbrook is opgevolg as uitvoerende hoof deur Chris Kempczinski. [64]

Globale bedrywighede

McDonald's het 'n teken van globalisering geword, soms na verwys as die 'McDonaldisering' van die samelewing. Die ekonoom koerant gebruik die 'Big Mac -indeks': die vergelyking van die koste van 'n Big Mac in verskillende geldeenhede in die wêreld kan gebruik word om hierdie geldeenhede se koopkragpariteit informeel te beoordeel. Switserland het vanaf Julie 2015 die duurste Big Mac ter wêreld, terwyl die land met die goedkoopste Big Mac Indië is [65] [66] (al is dit vir 'n Maharaja Mac - die volgende goedkoopste Big Mac is Hong Kong). [67]

Thomas Friedman het gesê dat geen land met 'n McDonald's met 'n ander [68] [69] oorlog gemaak het nie, maar die "Golden Arches Theory of Conflict Prevention" is verkeerd. Uitsonderings is die Amerikaanse inval in Panama in 1989, die NAVO se bombardement op Serwië in 1999, die Libanonoorlog 2006 en die Suid -Ossetië -oorlog in 2008. McDonald's het bedrywighede in sy winkels in die Krim opgeskort nadat Rusland die streek in 2014 geannekseer het. [70] Op 20 Augustus 2014, terwyl spanning tussen die Verenigde State en Rusland gespanne was oor gebeure in die Oekraïne, en die gevolglike Amerikaanse sanksies, het die Russiese die regering het vier McDonald's -winkels in Moskou tydelik gesluit, met verwysing na sanitêre kommer. Die onderneming werk sedert 1990 in Rusland en het in Augustus 2014 438 winkels regoor die land gehad. [71] Op 23 Augustus 2014 het die Russiese adjunk -premier, Arkady Dvorkovich, 'n besluit van die regering uitgesluit om McDonald's te verbied en die idee dat die tydelike sluitings iets met die sanksies te doen het, verwerp. [72]

Sommige waarnemers het voorgestel dat die onderneming krediet moet kry vir die verhoging van die diensstandaard in markte wat dit betree. 'N Groep antropoloë in 'n studie getiteld Golden Arches East [73] kyk na die impak wat McDonald's veral op Oos -Asië en Hong Kong gehad het. Toe dit in 1975 in Hong Kong oopmaak, was McDonald's die eerste restaurant wat konsekwent skoon toilette bied, wat kliënte daartoe gedryf het om dieselfde van ander restaurante en instellings te eis. McDonald's het 'n vennootskap aangegaan met Sinopec, die naasgrootste oliemaatskappy in die Volksrepubliek China, omdat dit voordeel trek uit die toenemende gebruik van persoonlike voertuie deur die opening van talle restaurante. [74] McDonald's het 'n McDonald's -restaurant en McCafé op die ondergrondse perseel van die Franse beeldende kunsmuseum, The Louvre, geopen. [75]

Die maatskappy verklaar dat dit middel 2013 slegs restaurante in Indië sal oopmaak. [76]

Op 9 Januarie 2017 is 80%van die franchise -regte op die vasteland van China en in Hong Kong vir US $ 2,08 miljard verkoop aan 'n konsortium van CITIC Limited (vir 32%) en private -ekwiteitsfondse wat deur CITIC Capital bestuur word (vir 20%) en Carlyle (vir 20%), wat CITIC Limited en CITIC Capital 'n gesamentlike onderneming sou vorm om die belang te besit. [77]

McDonald's verkoop hoofsaaklik hamburgers, verskillende hoendersoorte, hoenderbroodjies, patat, koeldrank, ontbyt en nageregte. Op die meeste markte bied McDonald's slaaie en vegetariese items, wraps en ander gelokaliseerde tariewe aan. Op 'n seisoenale basis bied McDonald's die McRib -toebroodjie aan. Sommige spekuleer dat die seisoenaliteit van die McRib sy aantrekkingskrag bydra. [78]

Produkte word aangebied as 'eet-in' (waar die kliënt kies om in die restaurant te eet) of 'wegneem' (waar die klant besluit om die kos van die perseel af te haal). 'Dine-in' maaltye word op 'n plastiese skinkbord voorsien met 'n papierinsetsel op die vloer van die skinkbord. "Uithaal" -maaltye word gewoonlik afgelewer met die inhoud in 'n kenmerkende bruin papiersak van McDonald's. In albei gevalle word die individuele items, soos toepaslik, toegedraai of verpak.

Sedert Steve Easterbrook uitvoerende hoof van die onderneming geword het, het McDonald's die spyskaart gestroomlyn, wat in die Verenigde State amper 200 items bevat. Die onderneming het gesonder opsies probeer stel en mieliesiroop met hoë fruktose uit hamburgerbroodjies verwyder. Die maatskappy het kunsmatige preserveermiddels uit Chicken McNuggets verwyder, [79] deur hoendervel, saffloerolie en sitroensuur wat in Chicken McNuggets voorkom, te vervang met ertjie -stysel, rysstysel en suurlemoensap in poeier. [80]

In September 2018 kondig McDonald's USA aan dat hulle nie meer kunsmatige preserveermiddels, geure en kleure heeltemal gebruik van sewe klassieke hamburgers wat in die VSA verkoop word nie, waaronder die hamburger, kaasburger, dubbelkaasburger, McDouble, kwartier met kaas, dubbele kwartier met kaas en die Big Mac. [81] [82] Tog sal die piekels nog steeds met 'n kunsmatige preserveermiddel gemaak word, alhoewel kliënte kan kies om nie hul piekels saam met hul hamburgers te kry nie. [83] [84]

In November 2020 kondig McDonald's McPlant aan, 'n plant-gebaseerde burger, saam met planne om ekstra vleis-alternatiewe spyskaartitems te ontwikkel wat geld vir hoendervervangers en ontbytbroodjies. [85] [86] Hierdie aankondiging het gekom na die suksesvolle toets van vleisvervangers wat op die plant gebaseer is op Beyond Meat.

Internasionale spyskaart variasies

Restaurante in verskeie lande, veral in Asië, bedien sop. Hierdie plaaslike afwyking van die standaard spyskaart is 'n kenmerk waarvoor die ketting veral bekend is, en dit word gebruik om óf te hou by die voedseltaboes van die streek (soos die godsdienstige verbod op die verbruik van beesvleis in Indië), óf om voedsel beskikbaar te stel waarmee die die plaaslike mark is meer bekend (soos die verkoop van McRice in Indonesië, of Ebi (garnaal) Burger in Singapoer en Japan).

In Duitsland en sommige ander Wes -Europese lande verkoop McDonald's bier. In Nieu -Seeland verkoop McDonald's vleispasteie, nadat die plaaslike filiaal McDonald's Nieu -Seeland die kitskosketting Georgie Pie wat hy in 1996 gekoop het, gedeeltelik weer begin het [87] In Griekeland word die handtekening -hamburger, Big Mac, verander deur Tzatziki -sous en verpakking by te voeg in 'n pita. [88]

In die Verenigde State en Kanada, ná beperkte proewe op 'n plaaslike basis, het McDonald's in 2015 [89] en 2017 [90] onderskeidelik 'n gedeeltelike ontbyt -spyskaart begin aanbied gedurende al die ure wat die restaurante oop is.

Tipes restaurante

Die meeste selfstandige McDonald's-restaurante bied toonbankdiens en deurrydiens, met sitplek binne en soms buite. [91] Drive-Thru, Auto-Mac, Pay and Drive, of "McDrive" soos dit in baie lande bekend staan, het dikwels afsonderlike stasies vir die plaas, betaal en afhaal van bestellings, hoewel laasgenoemde twee stappe gereeld gekombineer word [91] dit is die eerste keer in 1975 in Sierra Vista, Arizona, [92] bekendgestel, na aanleiding van ander kitskosketens. Die eerste so 'n restaurant in Brittanje het in 1986 in Fallowfield, Manchester, geopen. [93]

In 1994 het McDonald's gepoog om Hearth Express, 'n prototipe wat spesialiseer in tuisgemaakte maaltye. Onder die tarief wat aangebied is, was vleisbrood, gebraaide hoender en gebakte ham. Hierdie eksperiment het begin met 'n enkele plek in Darien, Illinois, maar het binne slegs een jaar gesluit. [94]

McDrive

In sommige lande bied McDrive -plekke naby snelweë geen toonbankdiens of sitplek nie. [95] Daarteenoor laat plekke in stadsbuurte met 'n hoë digtheid dikwels deurry-diens weg. [96] Daar is ook 'n paar plekke, meestal in die middestad, wat 'n 'Walk-Thru' diens bied in die plek van Drive-Thru. [97]

McCafé

McCafé is 'n begeleiding in kafee-styl vir McDonald's-restaurante. Die konsep is geskep deur McDonald's Australia, waar dit as Macca's bemark word, begin met Melbourne in 1993. [98] Vanaf 2016 het die meeste McDonald's in Australië McCafés in die bestaande McDonald's -restaurant. In Tasmanië is daar McCafés in elke restaurant, met die res van die state vinnig agterna. [91] Nadat hulle na die nuwe McCafé -voorkoms opgegradeer is, het sommige Australiese restaurante tot 'n toename in verkope van 60 persent opgemerk. Aan die einde van 2003 was daar wêreldwyd meer as 600 McCafé's.

"Skep u smaak" -restaurante

Van 2015 tot 2016 het McDonald's 'n nuwe gourmet -burgerdiens en restaurantkonsep probeer, gebaseer op ander gourmet -restaurante soos Shake Shack en Grill'd. Dit is gedurende die eerste maande van 2015 vir die eerste keer in Australië uitgerol en uitgebrei na China, Hong Kong, Singapoer, Arabië en Nieu -Seeland, met voortgesette proewe in die Amerikaanse mark. In die toegewyde "Create Your Taste" (CYT) kiosks kon kliënte alle bestanddele, insluitend die tipe broodjie en vleis, saam met opsionele ekstras kies. Einde 2015 het die Australiese CYT -diens CYT -slaaie bekendgestel.

Nadat 'n persoon bestel het, het McDonald's gesê dat die wagtyd tussen 10 en 15 minute is. Toe die kos gereed was, het die opgeleide bemanning ('gashere') die kos na die tafel van die klant gebring. In plaas van die gewone karton- en plastiekverpakking van McDonald's, is CYT -voedsel op houtborde, patat in draadmandjies en slaaie in porseleinbakke met metaalbestek aangebied. 'N Hoër prys geld.

In November 2016 is Create Your Taste vervang deur 'n "Signature Crafted Recipes" -program wat ontwerp is om doeltreffender en goedkoper te wees. [99]

Ander

Sommige plekke is verbind met vulstasies en geriefswinkels [100], terwyl ander met die naam McExpress beperkte sitplekke of spyskaarte het, of in 'n winkelsentrum geleë is. Ander McDonald's is in Walmart -winkels geleë. McStop is 'n plek wat gerig is op vragmotors en reisigers wat dienste by vragmotors kan kry. [101]

In Swede kan kliënte wat 'n lekker maaltyd bestel, die houer van die maaltyd vir 'n bril gebruik. [102] Die onderneming het 'n speletjie geskep vir die bril, bekend as Hellingsterre. [102] McDonald's voorspel dat 'n gelukkige bril in ander lande sal voortduur. [102] In Nederland het McDonald's McTrax bekendgestel wat ook dien as 'n opnamestudio waarop dit reageer as dit raak. [102] Hulle kan hul eie beats met 'n synth maak en klanke met spesiale effekte aanpas. [102]

Spesiale dieet

Die eerste kosher McDonald's is in 1997 in die Abasto de Buenos Aires -winkelsentrum in Buenos Aires, Argentinië, gestig. Daar is baie koosjer takke in Israel. [103] [104]

Speelgronde

McDonald's speelgronde word McDonald's PlayPlace genoem. Sommige McDonald's in voorstedelike gebiede en in sekere stede het groot speelplekke binne of buite. Die eerste PlayPlace met die bekende kruipbuisontwerp met balputte en glybane is in 1987 in die VSA bekendgestel, en baie meer word kort daarna gebou. [ aanhaling nodig ]

McDonald's Next

McDonald's Next gebruik 'n oop konsepontwerp en bied 'Create Your Taste' digitale bestelling aan. Die konsepwinkel bied ook gratis laai van mobiele toestelle en tafeldiens na 18:00 aan. Die eerste winkel is in Desember 2015 in Hong Kong geopen. [105]

2006 herontwerp

In 2006 het McDonald's sy handelsmerk "Forever Young" bekendgestel deur al sy restaurante te herontwerp, die eerste groot herontwerp sedert die sewentigerjare. [106] [107]

Die doel van die herontwerp is om meer soos 'n koffiewinkel te wees, soortgelyk aan Starbucks. Die ontwerp bevat houttafels, faux-leerstoele en gedempte kleure, die rooi is gedemp tot terracotta, die geel is na goud verander vir 'n meer "sonnige" voorkoms, en olywe en saliegroen is ook bygevoeg.

Om 'n warmer voorkoms te gee, het die restaurante minder plastiek en meer baksteen en hout, met moderne hangligte om 'n sagter gloed te gee. Baie restaurante het gratis WiFi en platskerm-TV's. Ander opgraderings sluit in dubbele aandrywing, plat dakke in plaas van die rooi dakke, en die vervanging van veselglas met hout. In plaas van die bekende goue boë, bevat die restaurante 'semi-swooshes' (die helfte van 'n goue boog), soortgelyk aan die Nike swoosh. [108]

Rookverbod

McDonald's het in 1994 begin rook verbied toe dit klante beperk het om te rook in sy 1.400 restaurante in volle besit. [109]

Covid-19-pandemie

As gevolg van die COVID-19-pandemie het McDonald's die meeste sitplekke en alle speelareas in die Amerikaanse restaurante gesluit. [110] Dit het oorgegaan na deur-en-deur bestellings op plekke en aanlyn afleweringsdienste vir kos. [111]

Restaurante in 'n aantal lande, waaronder Frankryk, Italië, Spanje, die Verenigde Koninkryk en Ierland is tydelik gesluit. [112] Sommige van hierdie geslote restaurante is nou weer oop vir die deurry/afleweringsdiens, slegs met spyskaartbeperkings en uitgawes. [113] In ander lande, insluitend Australië, Duitsland en Kanada, het restaurante nie gesluit nie, maar was dit slegs beperk tot deurry, wegneemetes of aflewering. [112]

McDonald's Australia moes 11 Melbourne-restaurante tydelik sluit nadat personeel in aanraking gekom het met 'n afleweringsbestuurder wat positief getoets het vir COVID-19. [114]

Die heropening van McDonald's-restaurante vir deurry in die Verenigde Koninkryk het aansienlike rye verkeer in die hele land veroorsaak. [115] [116] [117] Avon- en Somerset -polisie het gewaarsku dat lang rye verkeer 'ongelukke' kan veroorsaak [118] en die polisie in Warwickshire het die toue as 'gevaarlik' gekritiseer. [119] In Julie 2020, vir die tweede kwartaal van die jaar, het McDonald's 'n verdienste van 66 sent per aandeel gerapporteer. In vergelyking met dieselfde tydperk verlede jaar was dit 'n daling van 68%. [120]

Outomatisering

Sedert die laat negentigerjare het McDonald's probeer om werknemers te vervang deur elektroniese kiosks wat optrede soos die neem van bestellings en die aanvaarding van geld sou uitvoer. In 1999 het McDonald's die eerste keer 'E-Clerks' in die voorstedelike Chicago, Illinois en Wyoming, Michigan, getoets, met die toestelle wat 'geld kon bespaar op lewendige personeel' en groter aankoopbedrae kon lok as gemiddelde werknemers. [121]

In 2013 het die Universiteit van Oxford beraam dat daar in die daaropvolgende dekades 'n 92% waarskynlikheid bestaan ​​dat voedselvoorbereiding en diens outomaties in kitskosondernemings kan word. [122] Teen 2016 is die internasionale kiosken van McDonald's "Create Your Taste" internasionaal in sommige restaurante gesien, waar kliënte hul maaltye op maat kon bestel. Aangesien werknemers aan die einde van die 2010's vir hoër lone aangedring het, het sommige geglo dat kitskosondernemings soos McDonald's die toestelle sou gebruik om die koste vir die aanstelling van individue te verminder. [123]

In September 2019 het McDonald's 'n AI-gebaseerde opstart Apprente gekoop om menslike bedieners met stemgebaseerde tegnologie te vervang in sy Amerikaanse deurvoer. [124]

Lone

Op 5 Augustus 2013, Die voog onthul dat 90 persent van die McDonald's Britse arbeidsmag nul-uur kontrakte het, wat dit moontlik die grootste werkgewer in die privaatsektor in die land maak. [125] As gevolg van stakings van werknemers het hulle in April 2017 aan alle werknemers die opsie gegee om vaste kontrakte te kry. [126] 'n Studie wat deur Fast Food Forward uitgevoer is deur Anzalone Liszt Grove Research, het getoon dat ongeveer 84 persent van alle kitskosmedewerkers wat in April 2013 in New York werk, minder as hul wettige lone deur hul werkgewers betaal is. [127]

Van 2007 tot 2011 het kitskoswerkers in die VSA jaarliks ​​gemiddeld $ 7 miljard aan openbare hulp gehaal as gevolg van lae lone. [128] Die McResource -webwerf het werknemers aangeraai om hul kos in kleiner stukkies te breek om voller te voel, terugbetalings te soek vir ongeopende vakansieaankope, besittings aanlyn te verkoop vir vinnige kontant en om 'op te hou kla' terwyl 'streshormoonvlakke na tien met 15 persent styg minute van kla. " [129] In Desember 2013 het McDonald's die McResource -webwerf gesluit te midde van negatiewe publisiteit en kritiek. McDonald's beplan om 'n interne telefoonhulplyn voort te sit waardeur sy werknemers advies kan kry oor werk- en lewensprobleme. [130]

Die liberale dinkskrum, die Roosevelt Institute, beskuldig sommige McDonald's -restaurante daarvan dat hulle eintlik minder as die minimum loon aan intreeposte betaal het as gevolg van 'ongebreidelde' loondiefstal. [131] In Suid-Korea betaal McDonald's deeltydse werknemers $ 5,50 per uur en word daarvan beskuldig dat hulle minder betaal het met arbitrêre skedules en betaalvertragings. [132] Aan die einde van 2015 dui anoniem-geaggregeerde data wat deur Glassdoor ingesamel is, aan dat McDonald's in die Verenigde State werknemers op intreevlak tussen $ 7,25 per uur en $ 11 per uur betaal, met 'n gemiddelde van $ 8,69 per uur. Skofbestuurders word gemiddeld $ 10,34 per uur betaal. Assistentbestuurders word gemiddeld $ 11,57 per uur betaal. [133] McDonald's se uitvoerende hoof, Steve Easterbrook, verdien 'n jaarlikse salaris van $ 1,100,000. [134] Sy totale vergoeding vir 2017 was $ 21,761,052. [135]

Stakings

Werkers van McDonald's het by tye besluit om te betaal, terwyl die meeste werknemers wat staak, $ 15,00 betaal wil word. [136] When interviewed about the strikes occurring, former McDonald's CEO Ed Rensi stated: "It's cheaper to buy a $35,000 robotic arm than it is to hire an employee who's inefficient making $15 an hour bagging french fries" with Rensi explaining that increasing employee wages could possibly take away from entry-level jobs. [137] However, according to Easterbrook, increasing wages and benefits for workers saw a 6% increase in customer satisfaction when comparing 2015's first-quarter data to the first quarter of 2016, with greater returns seen as a result. [137]

In September 2017 het twee Britse McDonald's-winkels ingestem tot 'n staking oor nul-uur kontrakte vir personeel. Picketlyne is gevorm rondom die twee winkels in Crayford en Cambridge. Die staking is ondersteun deur die opposisieleier, Jeremy Corbyn. [138] [139]

Beroep

Workers at the McDonald's franchise at Saint-Barthélémy, Marseille, occupied the restaurant, in protest against its planned closure. Employing 77 people, the restaurant is the second-biggest private-sector employer in Saint-Barthélémy, which has an unemployment rate of 30 percent. [140] Lawyers for Kamel Guemari, a shop steward at the franchise, claimed an attempt was made to kill him when a car drove at him in the restaurant car park. [141] [142]

Werksomstandighede

In March 2015, McDonald's workers in 19 U.S. cities filed 28 health and safety complaints with the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration which allege that low staffing, lack of protective gear, poor training, and pressure to work fast has resulted in injuries. Die klagtes voer aan dat die bestuurders, weens 'n gebrek aan noodhulpmiddels, deur die bestuur aangesê is om brandwonde met speserye soos mayonnaise en mosterd te behandel. [143] The Fight for $15 labor organization aided the workers in filing the complaints. [144]

In 2015, McDonald's pledged to stop using eggs from battery cage facilities by 2025. Since McDonald's purchases over 2 billion eggs per year or 4 percent of eggs produced in the United States, the switch is expected to have a major impact on the egg industry and is part of a general trend toward cage-free eggs driven by consumer concern over the harsh living conditions of hens. [145] [146] The aviary systems from which the new eggs will be sourced are troubled by much higher mortality rates, as well as introducing environmental and worker safety problems. [147] The high hen mortality rate, which is more than double that of battery cage systems, will require new research to mitigate. The facilities have higher ammonia levels due to feces being kicked up into the air. Producers raised concerns about the production cost, which is expected to increase by 36 percent. [148]

McDonald's continues to source pork from facilities that use gestation crates, and in 2012 pledged to phase them out. [149]

McDonald's has for decades maintained an extensive advertising campaign. In addition to the usual media (television, radio, and newspaper), the company makes significant use of billboards and signage, and also sponsors sporting events ranging from Little League to the FIFA World Cup and Olympic Games. [150] Television has played a central role in the company's advertising strategy. [151] To date, McDonald's has used 23 different slogans in United States advertising, as well as a few other slogans for select countries and regions. [152]

Children's advertising

Celebrity endorsements

In 1992, basketball player Michael Jordan became the first celebrity to have a McDonald's value meal named after him. The "McJordan", a Quarter Pounder with pickles, raw onion slices, bacon and barbecue sauce, was available at Chicago franchises. [153] In September 2020, McDonald's partnered with rapper Travis Scott to release the "Travis Scott Meal", a Quarter Pounder with cheese, bacon, lettuce, pickles, ketchup and mustard medium fries with barbecue sauce and a Sprite, nationwide. Scott designed new uniforms for McDonald's employees and released Cactus Jack merchandise using vintage visuals from the fast food chain's history. [154] The company followed up with the "J Balvin Meal", a Big Mac with no pickles fries with ketchup and a Oreo McFlurry, in a partnership with reggaeton singer J Balvin. [155] LeBron James has been a spokesman for McDonald's from 2003 to 2017 [156] while co-endorsing Coca Cola-Sprite since early in his career. [157] In March 2014, a special “Sprite 6 Mix by LeBron James” flavor of Sprite featuring the flavors of lemon-lime, orange, and cherry, debuted just before the NBA playoffs. [158] James’ endorsement of Sprite has also included the seasonal “cranberry” and “winter-spiced cranberry” editions of the beverage. James’ deal with Coca-Cola and Sprite ended in 2020, with a new partnership with Pepsi and Mountain Dew launching in 2021. [159]

Space exploration

McDonald's and NASA explored an advertising agreement for a planned mission to the asteroid 449 Hamburga however, the spacecraft was eventually cancelled. [160]

Sponsorship in NASCAR

McDonald's entered the NASCAR Cup Series in 1977, sponsoring Richard Childress for one race. Between the years 1977 and 1986, McDonald's would only sponsor a handful of races in a season. In 1993, McDonald's became the full-time sponsor for the No. 27 Junior Johnson & Associates Ford, driven by Hut Stricklin. [161] In 1994, Stricklin was replaced in the car by Jimmy Spencer, who would go on to win twice that season. The following season McDonald's would move over to the No. 94 Bill Elliott Racing Ford, driven by team-owner Bill Elliott. [162] McDonald's stayed with Elliott until the 2001 season when they moved again, this time to the No. 96 PPI Motorsports Ford, driven by rookie Andy Houston. However, when the team failed to field a car for the entire season, McDonald's became absent from NASCAR until 2004, when it joined Evernham Motorsports as a part-time sponsor for drivers Elliott, Kasey Kahne, Elliott Sadler, A. J. Allmendinger, and Reed Sorenson until 2010. [161]

During the 2010 season, McDonald's would enter its longest partnership with a team at Chip Ganassi Racing, sponsoring the No. 1 Chevrolet driven by Jamie McMurray until his final race in the 2019 Daytona 500. [163] [164] McDonald's moved to CGR's No. 42 of Kyle Larson, whom the company sponsored until his suspension in 2020, [165] and also had a one-race partnership with Richard Petty Motorsports' No. 43 Chevrolet driven by Bubba Wallace in 2019 and 2020. [166] [167] McDonald's continued working with the No. 42 under new driver Ross Chastain in 2021 and also joined Wallace's new team 23XI Racing as a "founding partner". [168] [169]

Sports awards and honors

McDonald's is the title sponsor of the McDonald's All-American Game, all-star basketball games played each year for top-ranked amateur American and Canadian boys' and girls' high school basketball graduates.

McHappy Day

McHappy Day is an annual event at McDonald's, during which a percentage of the day's sales go to charity. It is the signature fundraising event for Ronald McDonald House Charities. [170]

In 2007, it was celebrated in 17 countries: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Brazil, Canada, England, Finland, France, Guatemala, Hungary, Ireland, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United States, and Uruguay.

According to the Australian McHappy Day website, McHappy Day raised $20.4 million in 2009. The goal for 2010 was $20.8 million. [171]

McDonald's Monopoly donation

In 1995, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital received an anonymous letter postmarked in Dallas, Texas, containing a $1 million winning McDonald's Monopoly game piece. McDonald's officials came to the hospital, accompanied by a representative from the accounting firm Arthur Andersen, who examined the card under a jeweler's eyepiece, handled it with plastic gloves, and verified it as a winner. [172] Although game rules prohibited the transfer of prizes, McDonald's waived the rule and made the annual $50,000 annuity payments for the full 20-year period through 2014, even after learning that the piece was sent by an individual involved in an embezzlement scheme intended to defraud McDonald's.

McRefugee

McRefugees are poor people in Hong Kong, Japan, and China who use McDonald's 24-hour restaurants as a temporary hostel. [173]

In the late 1980s, Phil Sokolof, a millionaire businessman who had suffered a heart attack at the age of 43, took out full-page newspaper ads in New York, Chicago, and other large cities accusing McDonald's menu of being a threat to American health, and asking them to stop using beef tallow to cook their french fries. [174]

In 1990, activists from a small group known as London Greenpeace (no connection to the international group Greenpeace) distributed leaflets entitled What's wrong with McDonald's?, criticizing its environmental, health, and labor record. The corporation wrote to the group demanding they desist and apologize, and, when two of the activists refused to back down, sued them for libel leading to the "McLibel case", one of the longest cases in English civil law. A documentary film of the McLibel Trial has been shown in several countries. [175]

In 2001, Eric Schlosser's book Fast Food Nation included criticism of the business practices of McDonald's. Among the critiques were allegations that McDonald's (along with other companies within the fast-food industry) uses its political influence to increase its profits at the expense of people's health and the social conditions of its workers. The book also brought into question McDonald's advertisement techniques in which it targets children. While the book did mention other fast-food chains, it focused primarily on McDonald's. [ citation needed ]

In 2002, vegetarian groups, largely Hindu and Buddhist, successfully sued McDonald's for misrepresenting its French fries as vegetarian, when they contained beef broth. [176] In the same year, Spanish band Ska-P released a song titled "McDollar" in their album ¡¡Que Corra La Voz‼ criticizing McDonald's.

Though the company objected, the term "McJob" was added to Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary in 2003. [177] The term was defined as "a low-paying job that requires little skill and provides little opportunity for advancement". [178] Merriam-Webster's Unabridged Dictionary also contains the word "McMansion," a critical, pejorative term used to describe an overly large, ostentatious, sometimes poorly designed or constructed house, often found in a suburb or in new developments on traditionally rural land. McMansions are often built in multiples that are difficult to distinguish from one another, like assembly-line factory parts or fast-food hamburgers. [179] [180]

Morgan Spurlock's 2004 documentary film Super Size Me claimed that McDonald's food was contributing to the increase of obesity in society and that the company was failing to provide nutritional information about its food for its customers. Six weeks after the film premiered, McDonald's announced that it was eliminating the supersize option, and was creating the adult Happy Meal. There was a documentary called Fat Head, which pointed out inconsistencies in Super Size Me. [ citation needed ]

In 2006, an unsanctioned McDonald's Video Game by Italian group Molleindustria was released online. It is a parody of the business practices of the corporate giant, taking the guise of a tycoon-style business simulation game. In the game, the player plays the role of a McDonald's CEO, choosing whether or not to use controversial practices like genetically altered cow feed, plowing over rainforests, and corrupting public officials. McDonald's issued a statement distancing itself from the game. [181]

In January 2014, McDonald's was accused of having used a series of tax maneuvers to avoid taxes in France. French authorities have billed McDonald's France in 2016 for 300 million euros for unpaid taxes on profit. [182]

In April 2020, McDonald's apologized after footage showing a notice that was being displayed inside one of its restaurants in China saying that "black people are not allowed to enter." [183]

In October 2020, the Azerbaijan branch of McDonald's was criticized for Facebook and Instagram posts endorsing Azerbaijan's military actions against Armenia in Nagorno-Karabakh. [184] While McDonald's restaurants exist in Armenia, as of January 2020, none of them were franchises of the global chain. [185] [186]

Company responses to criticism

In response to public pressure, McDonald's has sought to include more healthy choices in its menu and has introduced a new slogan to its recruitment posters: "Not bad for a McJob". [187] The word McJob, first attested in the mid-1980s [177] and later popularized by Canadian novelist Douglas Coupland in his book Generation X: Tales for an Accelerated Culture, has become a buzzword for low-paid, unskilled work with few prospects or benefits and little security. McDonald's disputes this definition of McJob. In 2007, the company launched an advertising campaign with the slogan "Would you like a career with that?" on Irish television, asserting that its jobs have good prospects.

In an effort to respond to growing consumer awareness of food provenance, the fast-food chain changed its supplier of both coffee beans and milk. UK chief executive Steve Easterbrook said: "British consumers are increasingly interested in the quality, sourcing, and ethics of the food and drink they buy". [188] In a bid to tap into the ethical consumer market, [189] McDonald's switched to using coffee beans taken from stocks that are certified by the Rainforest Alliance, a conservation group. Additionally, in response to pressure, McDonald's UK started using organic milk supplies for its bottled milk and hot drinks, although it still uses conventional milk in its milkshakes, and in all of its dairy products in the United States. [190] According to a report published by Farmers Weekly in 2007, the quantity of milk used by McDonald's could have accounted for as much as 5 percent of the UK's organic milk output. [191]

McDonald's announced in May 2008 that, in the United States and Canada, it has switched to using cooking oil that contains no trans fats for its french fries, and canola-based oil with corn and soy oils, for its baked items, pies, and cookies, by end of 2018. [192]

With regard to acquiring chickens from suppliers who use CAK/CAS methods of slaughter, McDonald's says that it needs to see more research "to help determine whether any CAS system in current use is optimal from an animal welfare perspective." [193]

Environmental record

Since McDonald's began receiving criticism for its environmental practices in the 1970s, it has significantly reduced its use of materials. [194] For instance, an "average meal" in the 1970s—a Big Mac, fries, and a drink—required 46 grams (1.6 oz) of packaging today, it requires 25 grams (0.88 oz), a 46 percent reduction. [195] In addition, McDonald's eliminated the need for intermediate containers for cola by using a delivery system that pumps syrup directly from the delivery truck into storage containers, saving two million pounds (910 tonnes) of packaging annually. [196] Weight reductions in packaging and products, as well as increased usage of bulk packaging, ultimately decreased packaging by twenty-four million pounds (11,000 tonnes) annually. [197] McDonald's efforts to reduce solid waste by using less packaging and by promoting the use of recycled materials were recognized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. [198]

In 1990, McDonald's worked with the Environmental Defense Fund to stop using "clam shell"-shaped styrofoam food containers to store its food products. [199]

In April 2008, McDonald's announced that 11 of its restaurants in Sheffield, England, were engaged in a biomass trial program that cut its waste and carbon footprint by half in the area. In this trial, waste from the restaurants was collected by Veolia Environmental Services and used to produce energy at a power plant. McDonald's announced plans to expand this project, although the lack of biomass power plants in the United States would prevent the adoption of this plan as a national standard there anytime soon. [200] In addition, in Europe, McDonald's has been recycling vegetable grease by converting it to fuel for its diesel trucks. [201]

In an effort to reduce energy usage by 25 percent in its restaurants, McDonald's opened a prototype restaurant in Chicago in 2009, intending to use the model in its other restaurants throughout the world. Building on past efforts, specifically a restaurant it opened in Sweden in 2000 that was the first to incorporate green ideas, McDonald's designed the Chicago site to save energy by managing stormwater, using skylights for more natural lighting, and installing partitions and tabletops made from recycled goods, among other measures. [202]

In 2012, McDonald's announced they would trial replacing styrofoam coffee cups with an alternative material. [203]

In 2018, McDonalds switched from plastic straws to paper ones in Ireland and the United Kingdom [204] and Australia [205] in an effort to reduce plastic pollution. Followed by the Netherlands in 2020, [206] and Germany in 2021. [207] However, a subsequent investigation by The Sun found that the new paper straws were not recyclable. [204] Disabled activists criticized that the shift away from plastic straws is ableist, as certain disabilities result in the loss of gross or fine motor control, thus would prevent a customer from safely lifting, balancing or drinking from a cup. [208]

In January 2021, McDonald's Arcos Dorados, the largest independent McDonald's franchise in the world which operates stores in Latin America and the Caribbean, introduced food trays manufactured by UBQ Materials that use a mix of food waste by-products to reduce the use of virgin plastic. [209]

McDonald's uses a corn-based bioplastic to produce containers for some products. The environmental benefits of this technology are controversial, with critics noting that biodegradation is slow and produces greenhouse gases, and that contamination of traditional plastic waste streams with bioplastics can complicate recycling efforts. [210]

Studies of litter have found that McDonald's is one of the most littered brands worldwide. In 2012, a Keep Australia Beautiful study found that McDonald's was the most littered brand in Queensland. [211] [212] In 2009, Keep Britain Tidy likewise found McDonald's to be the leading producer of fast-food litter on British streets, accounting for 29% of the total. [213] An early protest against this practice was "Operation Send-It-Back", launched by London Greenpeace in 1994 in response to the company's targeting of activists in the McLibel Trial. [214] Participants in Operation Send-It-Back returned 30 sacks of McDonald's litter to the company. [214] In the 2010s, similar individual protests took place in New Zealand [215] and England. [216]

Legal cases

McDonald's has been involved in a number of lawsuits and other legal cases, most of which involved trademark disputes. The company has threatened many food businesses with legal action unless it drops the Mc or Mac from trading names.

Europese Unie

In April 2017, Irish fast-food chain Supermac's submitted a request to the European Union Property Office to cancel McDonald's owned trademarks within the European Union, claiming that McDonald's engaged in "trademark bullying registering brand names. which are simply stored away in a war chest to use against future competitors", after the trademarks had prevented Supermac's from expanding out of Ireland. The EUIPO ruled in Supermac's favor, finding that McDonald's "has not proven genuine use" of many trademarks, canceling McDonald's owned trademarks such as "Big Mac" and certain "Mc"-related trademarks within the European Union. [217] [218] [219]

Burger King responded by trolling McDonald's by giving their sandwiches names like "Like a Big Mac But Juicier", "Like a Big Mac, But Actually Big" and "Big Mac-ish But Flame-Grilled of Course". [220]

Maleisië

On September 8, 2009, McDonald's Malaysian operations lost a lawsuit to prevent another restaurant from calling itself McCurry. McDonald's lost in an appeal to Malaysia's highest court, the Federal Court. [221]

On December 29, 2016, McDonald's Malaysia issued a statement that said only certified halal cakes are allowed inside its restaurants nationwide. [222]

Australia

In April 2007, in Perth, Western Australia, McDonald's pleaded guilty to five charges relating to the employment of children under 15 in one of its outlets and was fined A$8,000. [223]

United Kingdom

The longest-running legal action of all time in the UK was the McLibel case against two defendants who criticized a number of aspects of the company. The trial lasted 10 years and called 130 witnesses. The European Court of Human Rights deemed that the unequal resources of the litigants breached the defendants rights to freedom of speech and biased the trial. The result was widely seen as a "PR disaster" for McDonald's. [224]


The states with the most McDonald's

24/7 Wall St.’s Douglas McIntyre talks about the states that have the most McDonald's and their correlation with obesity.

The Buckeye State has the highest concentration of McDonald's. (Photo: Justin Sullivan, Getty Images)

McDonald's (MCD), with almost 16,000 outlets, is the largest fast-food hamburger chain in the United States. Many of the states where McDonald's iconic Golden Arches dominate the landscape are also, coincidentally, states with the highest rates of obesity and deaths due to heart disease.

The circumstantial evidence may be there, but no studies demonstrate a direct link between McDonald's specifically and adverse health outcomes. Academic research does, however, show high concentrations of obesity and other negative health outcomes where there are clusters of fast food restaurants of any type.

24/7 Wall St. reviewed the 10 states with the highest concentration of McDonald's restaurants, measured as outlets per 100,000 residents from restaurant reviewer and data compiler Menuism. Six of the 10 states also reported the highest obesity rates in the country. At the other end of the scale, four of the 10 states with the lowest concentration of McDonald's outlets had among the lowest obesity rates.

While there are of course other fast food chains in the country, the association between McDonald's and many negative health outcomes is often stronger than it is with other chains. Of the 10 states with the greatest concentration of major fast food restaurants, excluding McDonald's, three have among the lowest obesity rates in the country and none are among the 10 highest.

Fast food consumption may lead to negative health outcomes. However, the concentration of fast food stores does not account for consumption levels. There are also many other factors, such as low income, high poverty rates, and distance from sources of fresh fruits and vegetables, which contribute to negative health outcomes. The states with the highest obesity rates share a number of these factors. They have some of the lowest household incomes in the country and, correspondingly, some of the highest poverty rates.

Academics who have authored separate studies on fast food restaurants and negative health outcomes differ in their conclusions.

Dr. Lewis Morgenstern, a professor of neurology and director of the stroke program at the University of Michigan Hospital, led a study into the relationship between the concentration of fast food restaurants in a neighborhood and strokes in that neighborhood.

In an interview with 24/7 Wall St. Morgenstern said "we don't really know, in most of these studies, including the one that I did, that anybody in these neighborhoods who had a stroke ever ate a french fry." He added, "In the neighborhoods where fast foods are, people tend to have more strokes, but whether it's some aspect of the neighborhood or the people that live in the neighborhood or the fast food itself, we have no idea." Obesity, he noted, is a risk factor for strokes.

The author of a separate study had a somewhat alternative view. "Fast food seems to be something that is an indulgence for us," said Daniel Kruger, professor of health education and health behavior at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. Consuming fast food may be ok in moderation, but eating too much of it can result in a range of adverse health outcomes.

Kruger's study found a high local concentration of fast food outlets is itself a risk factor. "The main point of our study was that people have a lot more of these fast food restaurants around them, and they're going to have higher obesity," he said. Kruger explained how the high frequency of fast food restaurants like McDonald's is often representative of a poor landscape, in which multiple factors can lead to poor health.

While Kruger cited a study that suggested some fast food outlets serve less nutritious food than others, like Morgenstern, he would not single out McDonald's or any other chain.

"I don't think that we can blame the company at this point," Morgenstern said. "It would be nice if they helped in the research to try to figure out whether the products that they sell are related to negative health, but I don't think we know that at this point. We need more research."

To identify the states with the greatest concentration of McDonald's restaurants, 24/7 Wall St. reviewed location data for McDonald's, Burger King, Wendy's (WEN), Taco Bell, KFC which is a division of Yum! Brands (YUM), Subway, Starbucks (SBUX), Pizza Hut, Dunkin' Donuts (DNKN), and Chick-fil-A from Menuism. Population data, income, and poverty statistics are from the U.S. Census Bureau's 2013 American Community Survey (ACS). Also from the ACS, we included educational attainment rates, self-reported obesity rates, and the percentage of the population without health insurance. We also considered the percentage of the population with low access to major food stores from the USDA's Food Atlas.

These are the states with the most McDonald's outlets per 100,000 residents.

> McDonald's locations per 100,000 residents: 7.10
> Obesity rate: 30.4% (16th highest)
> Pct. consuming vegetables less than daily: 26.0% (12th highest)
> Median household income: $48,081 (19th lowest)

Ohio has more McDonald's restaurants, 7.1 per 100,000 residents, than any other state and almost twice as many as Burger King's 3.7 locations per 100,000 residents. There are far fewer McDonald's outlets than Subways, which has 10.9 shops per 100,000 residents, more than in any other state. Ohio has the second-highest concentration of all major fast food restaurants. Only 15 states had an obesity rate higher than Ohio's 30.4% in 2013. Ohio also has among the highest cardiovascular and cancer death rates, 274.6 per 100,000 and 207.7 per 100,000 respectively. Ohio has one of the two McDonald's still serving pizza that were introduced more than 30 years ago. McPizza is still sold at a McDonald's outlet in Pomeroy, Ohio. The other McDonald's that sells pizza is about an hour away, in Spencer, West Virginia. In all other outlets, McDonald's abandoned pizzas about 10 years after they were introduced because of their longer cook times.

> McDonald's locations per 100,000 residents: 6.38
> Obesity rate: 31.5% (11th highest)
> Pct. consuming vegetables less than daily: 23.2% (23rd highest)
> Median household income: $48,273 (20th lowest)

Michigan has about 6.4 McDonald's restaurants per 100,000 residents. The state is one of the most popular for fast food chains. In addition to McDonald's, Michigan is in the top 10 for the number of Burger King, Wendy's, Taco Bell, KFC and Subway locations per 100,000 residents. McDonald's and other fast food restaurants are often frequented by customers looking for affordable food. As in many other states with the most McDonalds, Michigan had a relatively high poverty rate of 16.8%. High concentrations of fast food restaurants are also tied to relatively poor health outcomes. Michigan's obesity rate, 31.5%, was higher than all but 10 states, and its heart disease death rate was higher than all but seven states.

> McDonald's locations per 100,000 residents: 6.36
> Obesity rate: 30.0% (19th highest)
> Pct. consuming vegetables less than daily: 22.2% (19th lowest)
> Median household income: $50,972 (24th lowest)

An estimated 26.4% of Kansas residents had little access to grocery stores in 2010, the ninth-highest percentage in the country. This might help explain the prevalence of fast food restaurants in the state. Fast food chains thrive in Kansas. The state leads the nation with 39 major fast food chain restaurants for every 100,000 residents. McDonald's, Burger King, Wendy's, Taco Bell, Subway, and Pizza Hut are all among the most common in Kansas compared to other states. About 30% of Kansas residents were obese, tied with Pennsylvania and ahead of 30 other states. Kansas, a major U.S. beef producer, supplies McDonald's.

> McDonald's locations per 100,000 residents: 6.33
> Obesity rate: 28.3% (22nd lowest)
> Pct. consuming vegetables less than daily: 22.8% (25th lowest)
> Median household income: $72,483 (the highest)

Maryland residents are exceptionally wealthy compared to other states with the most McDonald's locations. The median household in Maryland earned $72,483 in 2013, the highest income in the nation. Residents were well educated, with more than 37% of adults having attained at least a bachelor's degree, the third-highest rate in the country. There were three Starbucks stores per 100,000 Maryland residents, the eighth-highest proportion and exceptionally high compared to other states with the most McDonald's. McDonald's, as well as many other fast food restaurants, is popular among customers looking for inexpensive food, but high incomes in Maryland have not prevented numerous fast food restaurants from opening throughout the state. Chick-fil-A, KFC, and Wendy's are all also quite common. Unlike most states with large numbers of McDonald's restaurants, Maryland residents reported relatively healthy habits and outcomes, with better-than-average fruit and vegetable consumption, and an obesity rate of 28.3% — one of the lower percentages in the country.

> McDonald's locations per 100,000 residents: 6.30
> Obesity rate: 33.1% (6th highest)
> Pct. consuming vegetables less than daily: 32.5% (the highest)
> Median household income: $44,164 (8th lowest)

There are 6.3 McDonald's restaurants and 4.1 Burger Kings per 100,000 residents in Louisiana, the fifth- and second-highest rates, respectively, in the country. Louisiana had the fourth-highest poverty rate in the country at 19.1% and the eighth-lowest median household income, $44,164. Louisiana also had some of the lowest educational attainment rates in the country in 2013. About 83.1% of residents had at at least a high school diploma, and 22.5% had at least a college degree, each the fourth-lowest rates in the country. The prevalence of fast food restaurants is often representative of poor food landscape, in which residents often do not have easy access to healthy foods. This, in turn, can increase the likelihood of negative health outcomes. About one-third of Louisiana residents were obese, a rate exceeded by only five other states. Further, the state's residents had among the highest rates of diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol. In addition, Louisiana's death rates from heart disease and cancer are among the highest in the country.

24/7 Wall St. is a USA TODAY content partner offering financial news and commentary. Its content is produced independently of USA TODAY.


The McCafe machine isn't properly cleaned either

McDonald's has become quite well-known for their McCafe beverages, which include a fashionable range of coffee and lattes. But unfortunately, that's another machine that may not be cleaned as often or thoroughly as it should be. One McDonald's employee told Reddit that the McCafe machines are "routinely neglected in practically all the McDonald's." They explained that the staff and even management aren't properly trained on how to clean it either. They added, "A couple of times I stuck my hand in the machine to pull out a literal fist-full of black soot to show to the managers that it's not in proper condition, and nothing has come of it."

As terrifying as this sounds, a few other employees chimed in to say that the McCafe machines are their stores were cleaned nightly and in a much more thorough way. So, while some of the stores may not clean them properly, it may not be the case for every store. That's kind of comforting?


15 Can't Stand It: Bolivia

The central South American country of Bolivia makes its way onto our list as one that just can’t stomach McDonald’s. As a franchise that operates all over the world, McDonald’s knows how to operate in the different corners of the world. It also tried to operate in Bolivia, for 14 years to be precise, but it seems that the locals just really aren’t into fast-foods. Tree Hugger highlights that “For 14 years, McDonald’s attempted to court Bolivians into making a habit out of eating their processed menu items, only to experience an overwhelming, nation-wide rejection”. McDonald’s officially left Bolivian soil in 2002.


McDonald’s loyalty and suppliers

You may have also heard of another big company called Coca-Cola. McDonald’s partnered with Coca-Cola when the first franchise restaurant was opened in 1955. Both companies are leaders in their respective fields, so it is no surprise that they profit off each other. Their alliance helps both companies to earn big money and to market their products. Partnering with only one soft drink supplier keeps costs low as Coca-Cola not only offers heavy discounts to McDonald’s, but they also pay McDonald’s to advertise their products. They also pay for the rights to be the only soft drink beverage provider and to service the Coca-Cola machines. Coca-Cola benefits from this agreement as well, as they get part of the money earned from any Coca-Cola product sold. The relationship between the two companies is so strong and mutually beneficial that many say the Coca-Cola at McDonald’s actually tastes better because it is treated better than it is at most other restaurants. For example, most restaurants receive their syrup in plastic bags, but Coca-Cola delivers to McDonald’s in stainless steel tanks to keep the soda fresher. They prioritize having excellent Coca-Cola at McDonald’s to make sure their customers keep coming back for more.


States with the Most McDonald’s and What It Means - Recipes

McDonald's was founded on 15 May 1940. Since then, McDonald's has become the world's largest chain of fast food restaurants in the world. McDonald's employs more than 235,000 employees worldwide and its annual revenue has reached US$22 billion. According to BrandZ in 2019, McDonald's is also the world's most valuable quick-service restaurant with a brand value of $130.37 billion.

Opening the first McDonald's Restaurant on 15 May 1940

OUTLETS BY THE NUMBERS

Around the world, McDonald's has more than 37,241 restaurants in over 123 countries. So, this top ten list is by no means exhaustive. The United States exceeds all other countries by a wide margin with the most number of McDonald's outlets (14,146), with Japan and China a distant second (2,975) and third (2,391) respectively.

By region, North America has the most number of McDonald's outlets (87% from the United States), followed by Asia at 6,926 outlets ( 77% of which are located in Japan and China), and Europe with 6,232 outlets ( with Germany, France and United Kingdom being the major countries with at least 1,200 outlets ).

Compare Germany vs France - two countries with most McDonald's outlets in Europe

GLOBAL SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK

In 2014, McDonald's launched its first Global Sustainability Framework, which established its 2020 goals across a series of social and environmental topics in its pillars of Food, Planet and Sourcing. Since then, McDonald's has actively looked into ways to embed social and environmental issues into the core of its business. One of its well-known initiatives is the use of sustainably sourced fish for its signature Fillet-O-Fish sandwich, made with 100% real, wild caught Alaska Pollock.

Click on these brands below to find out numerical breakdowns (by region and by country) of the number of outlets for each F&B (food and beverage) brand below:

  • McDonalds and its 37,241 worldwide outlets.
  • Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) and its 20,952 outlets
  • Starbucksand its 27,654 outlets
  • Metroand its 45,000 stores
  • Carl se Jr.and its 3,664 restaurants
  • Largest fast food chains in the World
  • Largest fast food chains that originate from Asia
  • Largest fast food chains that originate from Europe
  • Most Valuable Quick Service Restaurants (QSR) Brands