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Fred A. Kummerow, Crusader Against Trans Fats, sterf op 102

Fred A. Kummerow, Crusader Against Trans Fats, sterf op 102

Hy was ook 'n professor aan die Universiteit van Illinois

Kummerow is in Duitsland gebore.

Biochemikus Fred A. Kummerow, wat 'n stryd van 50 jaar lank gelei het vir 'n federale regering se verbod op die gebruik van transvette, is op Woensdag 31 Mei oorlede. Hy is in die ouderdom van 102 oorlede in sy huis Urbana, Illinois.

Volgens die Amerikaanse Food and Drug Administration, gedeeltelik gehidrogeneerde olies is 'n groot bron van kunsmatige transvette wat in verwerkte voedsel soos kommersieel voorkom gebakte goedere en gebraaide kos. Na 'n regsgeding wat Kummerow in 2013 teen die agentskap aanhangig gemaak het, het die FDA transvette as onveilig beskou, Die New York Times gerapporteer. Die verbod is amptelik in 2015 aangekondig en tree in 2018 in werking.

Kummerow was een van die eerste wetenskaplikes wat 'n verband tussen verwerkte voedsel en hartsiektes voorgestel het. In 'n studie wat in die 1950's uitgevoer is, het hy die siek slagare van mense wat aan hartaanvalle gesterf het, ontleed en gevind dat hulle vol transvette was.


Fred A. Kummerow, Crusader Against Trans Fats, sterf op 102 - Resepte

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Fred A. Kummerow, 'n in Duitsland gebore biochemikus en lewenslange teenstander wie se bykans 50 jaar lange advokate gelei het tot 'n verbod van die federale regering op die gebruik van transvetsure in verwerkte voedsel, 'n uitspraak wat tienduisende voortydige sterftes per jaar kan voorkom , is Woensdag oorlede in sy huis in Urbana, Ill. Hy was 102.

Sy familie het sy dood aangekondig. Hy was 'n jare lange professor aan die Universiteit van Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

Die voedsel en Drug Administration gedeeltelik in reaksie op 'n regsgeding wat professor Kummerow in 2013 teen die agentskap aanhangig gemaak het, twee maande ver van sy 99ste verjaardag. Die verbod, wat in 2015 aangekondig is, tree in 2018 in werking.

Hy was een van die eerste wetenskaplikes wat 'n verband tussen verwerkte voedsel en hartsiektes voorgestel het. In die vyftigerjare, terwyl hy lipiede aan die universiteit bestudeer het, ontleed hy siek are van ongeveer twee dosyn mense wat aan hartaanvalle gesterf het en ontdek dat die vate met transvette gevul is.

Hy het opgevolg met 'n studie met varke wat 'n dieet gehad het met baie kunsmatige vette. Hy het hoë vlakke van arterie-verstopende gedenkplaat daarin gevind.

Professor Kummerow het sy bevindinge oor die rol van transvette in 1957 gepubliseer, 'n tyd toe die heersende opvatting was dat versadigde vette soos botter en room die grootste skuldige in aterosklerose is.

Sy verslag, wat in die tydskrif Science verskyn het, is nie bloot gekritiseer nie. Dit is verwerp. Omstanders het daarop gewys dat sy navorsing oor diere gedoen is, wat soms baie anders reageer as wat mense doen.

"Vir baie jare was hy 'n eensame stem in die wildernis," sê Michael Jacobson, president van die Center for Science in the Public Interest, 'n gesondheidsorgorganisasie in Washington wat in die 1980's begin werk het om veiliger olies te gebruik in voedselprodukte.

In 'n onderhoud met hierdie sterfkennis in 2016, het professor Kummerow gesê dat die verwerkte voedselbedryf in die 1960's en 70's 'n gesellige verhouding met wetenskaplikes gehad het, 'n groot rol gespeel het in die behoud van transvette in die dieet van mense.

'Ander wetenskaplikes stel meer belang in wat die bedryf dink as wat ek dink,' het hy gesê. Hy is dikwels deur die bedryfsverteenwoordigers ontstel toe hy sy navorsing op wetenskaplike konferensies aangebied het, het hy gesê.

Maar hy het geleidelik die belangrikste lede van die wetenskaplike onderneming gewen. Dr Walter Willett, professor in epidemiologie en voeding aan die TH Chan School of Public Health aan Harvard, het professor Kummerow geloof dat hy hom geïnspireer het om transvette in te sluit vir analise as deel van Harvard se uiters invloedryke Verpleegstersgesondheidstudie, die resultate van wat in 1993 gepubliseer is.

Een bevinding toon 'n direkte verband tussen die verbruik van voedsel wat transvette bevat en hartsiektes by vroue. Dit was 'n keerpunt in wetenskaplike en mediese denke oor transvette.

Fred A. Kummerow in 2013 aan die Universiteit van Illinois. Krediet Sally Ryan vir The New York Times
Tog het dit nog twee dekades geneem voordat professor Kummerow se navorsing omgeskakel is in regulerende optrede. Die American Heart Association het rondom 2004 begin waarsku oor transvette. Uiteindelik, in 2015, 58 jaar nadat professor Kummerow sy bevindings gepubliseer het, het die F.D.A. het beslis dat transvette nie as veilig beskou word nie en dat dit nie meer na 18 Junie 2018 by voedsel gevoeg kan word nie, tensy 'n vervaardiger oortuigende wetenskaplike bewyse kan lewer dat 'n spesifieke gebruik veilig is.

Dr Willett beraam dat die uitskakeling van industriële transvette 90 000 voortydige sterftes per jaar sal voorkom.

Fred August Kummerow is op 4 Oktober 1914 in Berlyn in 'n arm gesin gebore. Sy vader, 'n arbeider, het die gesin in 1923 na die Verenigde State verhuis om by familielede in Milwaukee aan te sluit, waar hy werk by 'n sementblokfabriek gekry het. Professor Kummerow het gesê dat hy waarskynlik bestem sou wees vir soortgelyke werk as hy nie 'n chemiese stel van sy oom op sy 12de verjaardag ontvang het nie. 'Dit het die wêreld van wetenskap vir my oopgemaak', het hy gesê.

Hy het 'n chemie -graad aan die Universiteit van Wisconsin in Madison in 1939 ontvang en het daar voortgegaan vir nagraadse studie. Hy het 'n Ph.D. in biochemie in 1943.

Tydens en onmiddellik na die Tweede Wêreldoorlog, terwyl hy navorsing gedoen het oor lipiede aan die Kansas State University, is professor Kummerow kontrakte toegeken deur die Army Quartermaster Corps om te help om galstery in bevrore kalkoene en hoenders wat oorsee gestuur is, uit te skakel. 'N Eenvoudige verandering in die pluimveevoer het die probleem opgelos, wat die verkoop van bevrore pluimvee in kruidenierswinkels moontlik gemaak het.

Professor Kummerow het sy lipiednavorsingsprogram in 1950 na die Universiteit van Illinois verskuif en die res van sy loopbaan daar gebly.

Die befondsing vir die studie van hartsiektes het aansienlik toegeneem nadat president Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1955 'n ernstige hartaanval gehad het. Toekennings van die National Institutes of Health het professor Kummerow in staat gestel om die navorsing te doen wat gelei het tot die ontdekking van transvette in siek slagare.

Hy reis gereeld agter die ystergordyn en praat met wetenskaplikes in die Sowjetunie, sowel as in Hongarye, Roemenië, Bulgarye en Oos -Duitsland. Na die vergaderings het hy verslae aan die staatsdepartement gestuur.

Professor Kummerow het sy veldtog begin om die gebruik van transvette te stop toe hy agterkom dat voedselvervaardigers steeds sterk op transvette staatmaak, selfs nadat sy bevindings deur ander wetenskaplikes bevestig is. In 2009 het hy 'n petisie by die F.D.A. om die gebruik van transvette te verbied, maar het volgens hom geen reaksie gekry nie. Hy het die agentskap in 2013 gedagvaar.

Hy word oorleef deur 'n seun, Max twee dogters, Jean en Kay drie kleinkinders en 'n agterkleinseun. Sy vrou van 70 jaar, Amy, is op 94 oorlede aan Parkinson se siekte.

Dr Willett, van Harvard, het gesê dat transvette ook by diabetes betrokke was. In 2001 skryf hy saam 'n artikel wat toon dat 'n dieet wat min transvette bevat, kan help om tipe 2-diabetes by vroue te voorkom. 'Hartsiektes was die punt van die ysberg,' het hy gesê.

Professor Kummerow was een van die eerste wetenskaplikes wat voorgestel het dat die versadigde vet in botter, kaas en vleis nie bygedra het tot die verstopping van are nie en in werklike mate voordelig was. Hierdie hipotese, destyds omstrede, is korrek bewys.


Fred A. Kummerow, Crusader Against Trans Fats, sterf op 102 - Resepte

Aktiewe lae-koolstofforums
'N Suikervrye sone

Fred A. Kummerow, 'n in Duitsland gebore biochemikus en lewenslange teenstander, wie se bykans 50 jaar voorspraak daartoe gelei het dat 'n federale regering verbod op die gebruik van transvetsure in verwerkte voedsel, 'n uitspraak wat tienduisende voortydige sterftes per jaar kan voorkom , is Woensdag oorlede in sy huis in Urbana, Ill. Hy was 102.

Sy familie het sy dood aangekondig. Hy was 'n jare lange professor aan die Universiteit van Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

Die voedsel en Drug Administration gedeeltelik in reaksie op 'n regsgeding wat professor Kummerow in 2013 teen die agentskap aanhangig gemaak het, twee maande ver van sy 99ste verjaardag. Die verbod, wat in 2015 aangekondig is, tree in 2018 in werking.

Hy was een van die eerste wetenskaplikes wat 'n verband tussen verwerkte voedsel en hartsiektes voorgestel het. In die vyftigerjare, terwyl hy lipiede aan die universiteit bestudeer het, ontleed hy siek are van ongeveer twee dosyn mense wat aan hartaanvalle gesterf het en ontdek dat die vate met transvette gevul is.

Hy het opgevolg met 'n studie met varke wat 'n dieet gehad het met baie kunsmatige vette. Hy het hoë vlakke van arterie-verstopende gedenkplaat daarin gevind.

Professor Kummerow het sy bevindinge oor die rol van transvette in 1957 gepubliseer, 'n tyd toe die heersende opvatting was dat versadigde vette soos botter en room die grootste skuldige in aterosklerose is.

Sy verslag, wat in die tydskrif Science verskyn het, is nie bloot gekritiseer nie. Dit is verwerp. Omstanders het daarop gewys dat sy navorsing oor diere gedoen is, wat soms baie anders reageer as wat mense doen.

"Vir baie jare was hy 'n eensame stem in die wildernis," sê Michael Jacobson, president van die Center for Science in the Public Interest, 'n gesondheidsorgorganisasie in Washington wat in die 1980's begin werk het om veiliger olies te gebruik in voedselprodukte.

In 'n onderhoud met hierdie sterfkennis in 2016, het professor Kummerow gesê dat die verwerkte voedselbedryf in die 1960's en 70's 'n gesellige verhouding met wetenskaplikes gehad het, 'n groot rol gespeel het in die behoud van transvette in die dieet van mense.

'Ander wetenskaplikes stel meer belang in wat die bedryf dink as wat ek dink,' het hy gesê. Hy is gereeld deur die bedryfsverteenwoordigers ontstel toe hy sy navorsing op wetenskaplike konferensies aangebied het, het hy gesê.

Maar hy het geleidelik die belangrikste lede van die wetenskaplike onderneming gewen. Dr Walter Willett, professor in epidemiologie en voeding aan die TH Chan School of Public Health aan Harvard, het professor Kummerow geloof dat hy hom geïnspireer het om transvette in te sluit vir analise as deel van Harvard se uiters invloedryke Verpleegstersgesondheidstudie, die resultate van wat in 1993 gepubliseer is.

Een bevinding toon 'n direkte verband tussen die verbruik van voedsel wat transvette bevat en hartsiektes by vroue. Dit was 'n keerpunt in wetenskaplike en mediese denke oor transvette.

Fred A. Kummerow in 2013 aan die Universiteit van Illinois. Krediet Sally Ryan vir The New York Times
Tog het dit nog twee dekades geneem voordat professor Kummerow se navorsing omgeskakel is in regulerende optrede. Die American Heart Association het rondom 2004 begin waarsku oor transvette. Uiteindelik, in 2015, 58 jaar nadat professor Kummerow sy bevindings gepubliseer het, het die F.D.A. het beslis dat transvette nie as veilig beskou word nie en dat dit nie meer na 18 Junie 2018 by voedsel gevoeg kan word nie, tensy 'n vervaardiger oortuigende wetenskaplike bewyse kan lewer dat 'n spesifieke gebruik veilig is.

Dr Willett beraam dat die uitskakeling van industriële transvette 90 000 voortydige sterftes per jaar sal voorkom.

Fred August Kummerow is op 4 Oktober 1914 in Berlyn in 'n arm gesin gebore. Sy vader, 'n arbeider, het die gesin in 1923 na die Verenigde State verhuis om by familielede in Milwaukee aan te sluit, waar hy werk by 'n sementblokfabriek gevind het. Professor Kummerow het gesê dat hy waarskynlik bestem sou wees vir soortgelyke werk as hy nie 'n chemiese stel van sy oom op sy 12de verjaardag ontvang het nie. 'Dit het die wêreld van wetenskap vir my oopgemaak', het hy gesê.

Hy het 'n chemie -graad aan die Universiteit van Wisconsin in Madison in 1939 ontvang en het daar voortgegaan vir nagraadse studie. Hy het 'n Ph.D. in biochemie in 1943.

Tydens en onmiddellik na die Tweede Wêreldoorlog, terwyl hy navorsing gedoen het oor lipiede aan die Kansas State University, is professor Kummerow kontrakte toegeken deur die Army Quartermaster Corps om te help om galstery in bevrore kalkoene en hoenders wat na die buiteland gestuur is, uit te skakel. 'N Eenvoudige verandering in die pluimveevoer het die probleem opgelos, wat die verkoop van bevrore pluimvee in kruidenierswinkels moontlik gemaak het.

Professor Kummerow het sy lipiednavorsingsprogram in 1950 na die Universiteit van Illinois verhuis en daar gebly vir die res van sy loopbaan.

Die befondsing vir die studie van hartsiektes het aansienlik toegeneem nadat president Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1955 'n ernstige hartaanval gehad het. Toekennings van die National Institutes of Health het professor Kummerow in staat gestel om die navorsing te doen wat gelei het tot die ontdekking van transvette in siek slagare.

Hy reis gereeld agter die ystergordyn en praat met wetenskaplikes in die Sowjetunie, sowel as in Hongarye, Roemenië, Bulgarye en Oos -Duitsland. Na die vergaderings het hy verslae aan die staatsdepartement gestuur.

Professor Kummerow het sy veldtog begin om die gebruik van transvette te staak toe hy agterkom dat voedselvervaardigers steeds sterk op transvette staatmaak, selfs nadat sy bevindings deur ander wetenskaplikes bevestig is. In 2009 het hy 'n petisie by die F.D.A. om die gebruik van transvette te verbied, maar het volgens hom geen reaksie gekry nie. Hy het die agentskap in 2013 gedagvaar.

Hy word oorleef deur 'n seun, Max twee dogters, Jean en Kay drie kleinkinders en 'n agterkleinseun. Sy vrou van 70 jaar, Amy, is op 94 oorlede aan Parkinson se siekte.

Dr Willett, van Harvard, het gesê dat transvette ook by diabetes betrokke was. In 2001 skryf hy saam 'n artikel wat toon dat 'n dieet wat min transvette bevat, kan help om tipe 2-diabetes by vroue te voorkom. 'Hartsiektes was die punt van die ysberg,' het hy gesê.

Professor Kummerow was een van die eerste wetenskaplikes wat voorgestel het dat die versadigde vet in botter, kaas en vleis nie bygedra het tot die verstopping van are nie en in werklike mate voordelig was. Hierdie hipotese, destyds omstrede, is korrek bewys.


Fred A. Kummerow, Crusader Against Trans Fats, sterf op 102 - Resepte

Aktiewe lae-koolstof-forums
'N Suikervrye sone

Fred A. Kummerow, 'n in Duitsland gebore biochemikus en lewenslange teenstander wie se bykans 50 jaar lange advokate gelei het tot 'n verbod van die federale regering op die gebruik van transvetsure in verwerkte voedsel, 'n uitspraak wat tienduisende voortydige sterftes per jaar kan voorkom , is Woensdag oorlede in sy huis in Urbana, Ill. Hy was 102.

Sy familie het sy dood aangekondig. Hy was 'n jare lange professor aan die Universiteit van Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

Die voedsel en Drug Administration gedeeltelik in reaksie op 'n regsgeding wat professor Kummerow in 2013 teen die agentskap aanhangig gemaak het, twee maande ver van sy 99ste verjaardag. Die verbod, wat in 2015 aangekondig is, tree in 2018 in werking.

Hy was een van die eerste wetenskaplikes wat 'n verband tussen verwerkte voedsel en hartsiektes voorgestel het. In die vyftigerjare, terwyl hy lipiede aan die universiteit bestudeer het, ontleed hy siek are van ongeveer twee dosyn mense wat aan hartaanvalle gesterf het en ontdek dat die vate met transvette gevul is.

Hy het opgevolg met 'n studie met varke wat 'n dieet gehad het met baie kunsmatige vette. Hy het hoë vlakke van arterie-verstopende gedenkplaat daarin gevind.

Professor Kummerow het sy bevindinge oor die rol van transvette in 1957 gepubliseer, 'n tyd toe die heersende opvatting was dat versadigde vette soos botter en room die grootste skuldige in aterosklerose is.

Sy verslag, wat in die tydskrif Science verskyn het, is nie bloot gekritiseer nie. Dit is verwerp. Omstanders het daarop gewys dat sy navorsing oor diere gedoen is, wat soms baie anders reageer as wat mense doen.

"Vir baie jare was hy 'n eensame stem in die wildernis," sê Michael Jacobson, president van die Center for Science in the Public Interest, 'n organisasie vir gesondheidsorg in Washington wat in die 1980's begin werk het om veiliger olies te gebruik in voedselprodukte.

Professor Kummerow, wat in 2016 vir hierdie doodsberig ondervra is, het gesê dat die verwerkte voedselbedryf in die 1960's en 70's 'n gesellige verhouding met wetenskaplikes speel, 'n groot rol gespeel in die behoud van transvet in die dieet van mense.

'Ander wetenskaplikes stel meer belang in wat die bedryf dink as wat ek dink,' het hy gesê. Hy is gereeld deur die bedryfsverteenwoordigers ontstel toe hy sy navorsing op wetenskaplike konferensies aangebied het, het hy gesê.

Maar hy het geleidelik die belangrikste lede van die wetenskaplike onderneming gewen. Dr Walter Willett, 'n professor in epidemiologie en voeding aan die TH Chan School of Public Health aan Harvard, het professor Kummerow geloof dat hy hom geïnspireer het om transvette in te sluit vir analise as deel van Harvard se uiters invloedryke Verpleegstersgesondheidstudie, die resultate van wat in 1993 gepubliseer is.

Een bevinding toon 'n direkte verband tussen die verbruik van voedsel wat transvette bevat en hartsiektes by vroue. Dit was 'n keerpunt in wetenskaplike en mediese denke oor transvette.

Fred A. Kummerow in 2013 aan die Universiteit van Illinois. Krediet Sally Ryan vir The New York Times
Tog het dit nog twee dekades geneem voordat professor Kummerow se navorsing omgeskakel is in regulerende optrede. Die American Heart Association het rondom 2004 begin waarsku oor transvette. Uiteindelik, in 2015, 58 jaar nadat professor Kummerow sy bevindings gepubliseer het, het die F.D.A. het beslis dat transvette nie as veilig beskou word nie en dat dit nie meer na 18 Junie 2018 by voedsel gevoeg kan word nie, tensy 'n vervaardiger oortuigende wetenskaplike bewyse kan lewer dat 'n spesifieke gebruik veilig is.

Dr Willett beraam dat die uitskakeling van industriële transvette 90 000 voortydige sterftes per jaar sal voorkom.

Fred August Kummerow is op 4 Oktober 1914 in Berlyn in 'n arm gesin gebore. Sy vader, 'n arbeider, het die gesin in 1923 na die Verenigde State verhuis om by familielede in Milwaukee aan te sluit, waar hy werk by 'n sementblokfabriek gekry het. Professor Kummerow het gesê dat hy waarskynlik bestem sou wees vir soortgelyke werk as hy nie 'n chemiese stel van sy oom op sy 12de verjaardag ontvang het nie. 'Dit het die wêreld van wetenskap vir my oopgemaak', het hy gesê.

Hy het 'n chemie -graad aan die Universiteit van Wisconsin in Madison in 1939 ontvang en het daar voortgegaan vir nagraadse studie. Hy het 'n Ph.D. in biochemie in 1943.

Tydens en onmiddellik na die Tweede Wêreldoorlog, terwyl hy navorsing gedoen het oor lipiede aan die Kansas State University, is professor Kummerow kontrakte toegeken deur die Army Quartermaster Corps om te help om galstery in bevrore kalkoene en hoenders wat na die buiteland gestuur is, uit te skakel. 'N Eenvoudige verandering in die pluimveevoer het die probleem opgelos, wat die verkoop van bevrore pluimvee in kruidenierswinkels moontlik gemaak het.

Professor Kummerow het sy lipiednavorsingsprogram in 1950 na die Universiteit van Illinois verskuif en die res van sy loopbaan daar gebly.

Die befondsing vir die studie van hartsiektes het aansienlik toegeneem nadat president Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1955 'n ernstige hartaanval gehad het. Toekennings van die National Institutes of Health het professor Kummerow in staat gestel om die navorsing te doen wat gelei het tot die ontdekking van transvette in siek slagare.

Hy reis gereeld agter die ystergordyn en praat met wetenskaplikes in die Sowjetunie, sowel as in Hongarye, Roemenië, Bulgarye en Oos -Duitsland. Na die vergaderings het hy verslae aan die staatsdepartement gestuur.

Professor Kummerow het sy veldtog begin om die gebruik van transvette te stop toe hy agterkom dat voedselvervaardigers steeds sterk op transvette staatmaak, selfs nadat sy bevindings deur ander wetenskaplikes bevestig is. In 2009 het hy 'n petisie by die F.D.A. om die gebruik van transvette te verbied, maar het volgens hom geen reaksie gekry nie. Hy het die agentskap in 2013 gedagvaar.

Hy word oorleef deur 'n seun, Max twee dogters, Jean en Kay drie kleinkinders en 'n agterkleinseun. Sy vrou van 70 jaar, Amy, is op 94 oorlede aan Parkinson se siekte.

Dr Willett, van Harvard, het gesê dat transvette ook by diabetes betrokke was. In 2001 skryf hy saam 'n artikel wat toon dat 'n dieet met min transvette kan help om tipe 2-diabetes by vroue te voorkom. 'Hartsiektes was die punt van die ysberg,' het hy gesê.

Professor Kummerow was een van die eerste wetenskaplikes wat voorgestel het dat die versadigde vet in botter, kaas en vleis nie bygedra het tot die verstopping van are nie en in werklikheid in matige hoeveelhede voordelig was. Hierdie hipotese, destyds omstrede, is korrek bewys.


Fred A. Kummerow, Crusader Against Trans Fats, sterf op 102 - Resepte

Aktiewe lae-koolstof-forums
'N Suikervrye sone

Fred A. Kummerow, 'n in Duitsland gebore biochemikus en lewenslange teenstander wie se bykans 50 jaar lange advokate gelei het tot 'n verbod van die federale regering op die gebruik van transvetsure in verwerkte voedsel, 'n uitspraak wat tienduisende voortydige sterftes per jaar kan voorkom , is Woensdag oorlede in sy huis in Urbana, Ill. Hy was 102.

Sy familie het sy dood aangekondig. Hy was 'n jare lange professor aan die Universiteit van Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

Die voedsel en Drug Administration gedeeltelik in reaksie op 'n regsgeding wat professor Kummerow in 2013 teen die agentskap aanhangig gemaak het, twee maande ver van sy 99ste verjaardag. Die verbod, wat in 2015 aangekondig is, tree in 2018 in werking.

Hy was een van die eerste wetenskaplikes wat 'n verband tussen verwerkte voedsel en hartsiektes voorgestel het. In die vyftigerjare, terwyl hy lipiede aan die universiteit bestudeer het, ontleed hy siek are van ongeveer twee dosyn mense wat aan hartaanvalle gesterf het en ontdek dat die vate met transvette gevul is.

Hy het opgevolg met 'n studie met varke wat 'n dieet gehad het met baie kunsmatige vette. Hy het hoë vlakke van arterie-verstopende gedenkplaat daarin gevind.

Professor Kummerow het sy bevindings oor die rol van transvette in 1957 gepubliseer, 'n tyd toe die heersende opvatting was dat versadigde vette soos botter en room die grootste skuldige in aterosklerose is.

Sy verslag, wat in die tydskrif Science verskyn het, is nie bloot gekritiseer nie. Dit is verwerp. Omstanders het daarop gewys dat sy navorsing oor diere gedoen is, wat soms baie anders reageer as wat mense doen.

"Vir baie jare was hy 'n eensame stem in die wildernis," sê Michael Jacobson, president van die Center for Science in the Public Interest, 'n gesondheidsorgorganisasie in Washington wat in die 1980's begin werk het om veiliger olies te gebruik in voedselprodukte.

Professor Kummerow, wat in 2016 vir hierdie doodsberig ondervra is, het gesê dat die verwerkte voedselbedryf in die 1960's en 70's 'n gesellige verhouding met wetenskaplikes speel, 'n groot rol gespeel in die behoud van transvet in die dieet van mense.

'Ander wetenskaplikes stel meer belang in wat die bedryf dink as wat ek dink,' het hy gesê. Hy is dikwels deur die bedryfsverteenwoordigers ontstel toe hy sy navorsing op wetenskaplike konferensies aangebied het, het hy gesê.

Maar hy het geleidelik die belangrikste lede van die wetenskaplike onderneming gewen. Dr Walter Willett, professor in epidemiologie en voeding aan die TH Chan School of Public Health aan Harvard, het professor Kummerow geloof dat hy hom geïnspireer het om transvette in te sluit vir analise as deel van Harvard se uiters invloedryke Verpleegstersgesondheidstudie, die resultate van wat in 1993 gepubliseer is.

Een bevinding toon 'n direkte verband tussen die verbruik van voedsel wat transvette bevat en hartsiektes by vroue. Dit was 'n keerpunt in wetenskaplike en mediese denke oor transvette.

Fred A. Kummerow in 2013 aan die Universiteit van Illinois. Krediet Sally Ryan vir The New York Times
Tog het dit nog twee dekades geneem voordat professor Kummerow se navorsing omgeskakel is in regulerende optrede. Die American Heart Association het rondom 2004 begin waarsku oor transvette. Uiteindelik, in 2015, 58 jaar nadat professor Kummerow sy bevindings gepubliseer het, het die F.D.A. het beslis dat transvette nie as veilig beskou word nie en dat dit nie meer na 18 Junie 2018 by voedsel gevoeg kan word nie, tensy 'n vervaardiger oortuigende wetenskaplike bewyse kan lewer dat 'n spesifieke gebruik veilig is.

Dr Willett beraam dat die uitskakeling van industriële transvette 90 000 voortydige sterftes per jaar sal voorkom.

Fred August Kummerow is op 4 Oktober 1914 in Berlyn in 'n arm gesin gebore. Sy vader, 'n arbeider, het die gesin in 1923 na die Verenigde State verhuis om by familielede in Milwaukee aan te sluit, waar hy werk by 'n sementblokfabriek gevind het. Professor Kummerow het gesê dat hy waarskynlik bestem sou wees vir soortgelyke werk as hy nie 'n chemiese stel van sy oom op sy 12de verjaardag ontvang het nie. 'Dit het die wêreld van wetenskap vir my oopgemaak', het hy gesê.

Hy het 'n chemie -graad aan die Universiteit van Wisconsin in Madison in 1939 ontvang en het daar voortgegaan vir nagraadse studie. Hy het 'n Ph.D. in biochemie in 1943.

Tydens en onmiddellik na die Tweede Wêreldoorlog, terwyl hy navorsing gedoen het oor lipiede aan die Kansas State University, het professor Kummerow kontrakte van die Army Quartermaster Corps gekry om te help om galstery in bevrore kalkoene en hoenders wat oorsee gestuur is, uit te skakel. 'N Eenvoudige verandering in die pluimveevoer het die probleem opgelos, wat die verkoop van bevrore pluimvee in kruidenierswinkels moontlik gemaak het.

Professor Kummerow het sy lipiednavorsingsprogram in 1950 na die Universiteit van Illinois verhuis en daar gebly vir die res van sy loopbaan.

Die befondsing vir die studie van hartsiektes het aansienlik toegeneem nadat president Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1955 'n ernstige hartaanval gehad het. Toekennings van die National Institutes of Health het professor Kummerow in staat gestel om die navorsing te doen wat gelei het tot die ontdekking van transvette in siek slagare.

Hy reis gereeld agter die ystergordyn en praat met wetenskaplikes in die Sowjetunie, sowel as in Hongarye, Roemenië, Bulgarye en Oos -Duitsland. Na die vergaderings het hy verslae aan die staatsdepartement gestuur.

Professor Kummerow het sy veldtog begin om die gebruik van transvette te stop toe hy agterkom dat voedselvervaardigers steeds sterk op transvette staatmaak, selfs nadat sy bevindings deur ander wetenskaplikes bevestig is. In 2009 het hy 'n petisie by die F.D.A. om die gebruik van transvette te verbied, maar het volgens hom geen reaksie gekry nie. Hy het die agentskap in 2013 gedagvaar.

Hy word oorleef deur 'n seun, Max twee dogters, Jean en Kay drie kleinkinders en 'n agterkleinseun. Sy vrou van 70 jaar, Amy, is op 94 oorlede aan Parkinson se siekte.

Dr Willett, van Harvard, het gesê dat transvette ook by diabetes betrokke was. In 2001 skryf hy saam 'n artikel wat toon dat 'n dieet met min transvette kan help om tipe 2-diabetes by vroue te voorkom. 'Hartsiektes was die punt van die ysberg,' het hy gesê.

Professor Kummerow was een van die eerste wetenskaplikes wat voorgestel het dat die versadigde vet in botter, kaas en vleis nie bygedra het tot die verstopping van are nie en in werklikheid in matige hoeveelhede voordelig was. Hierdie hipotese, destyds omstrede, is korrek bewys.


Fred A. Kummerow, Crusader Against Trans Fats, sterf op 102 - Resepte

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Fred A. Kummerow, 'n in Duitsland gebore biochemikus en lewenslange teenstander wie se bykans 50 jaar lange advokate gelei het tot 'n verbod van die federale regering op die gebruik van transvetsure in verwerkte voedsel, 'n uitspraak wat tienduisende voortydige sterftes per jaar kan voorkom , is Woensdag oorlede in sy huis in Urbana, Ill. Hy was 102.

Sy familie het sy dood aangekondig. Hy was 'n jare lange professor aan die Universiteit van Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

Die voedsel en Drug Administration gedeeltelik in reaksie op 'n regsgeding wat professor Kummerow in 2013 teen die agentskap aanhangig gemaak het, twee maande ver van sy 99ste verjaardag. Die verbod, wat in 2015 aangekondig is, tree in 2018 in werking.

Hy was een van die eerste wetenskaplikes wat 'n verband tussen verwerkte voedsel en hartsiektes voorgestel het. In die vyftigerjare, terwyl hy lipiede aan die universiteit bestudeer het, ontleed hy siek slagare van ongeveer twee dosyn mense wat aan hartaanvalle gesterf het en ontdek dat die vate met transvette gevul is.

Hy het opgevolg met 'n studie met varke wat 'n dieet gehad het met baie kunsmatige vette. Hy het hoë vlakke van arterie-verstopende gedenkplaat daarin gevind.

Professor Kummerow het sy bevindinge oor die rol van transvette in 1957 gepubliseer, 'n tyd toe die heersende opvatting was dat versadigde vette soos botter en room die grootste skuldige in aterosklerose is.

Sy verslag, wat in die tydskrif Science verskyn het, is nie bloot gekritiseer nie. Dit is verwerp. Omstanders het daarop gewys dat sy navorsing oor diere gedoen is, wat soms baie anders reageer as wat mense doen.

"Vir baie jare was hy 'n eensame stem in die wildernis," sê Michael Jacobson, president van die Center for Science in the Public Interest, 'n gesondheidsorgorganisasie in Washington wat in die 1980's begin werk het om veiliger olies te gebruik in voedselprodukte.

Professor Kummerow, wat in 2016 vir hierdie doodsberig ondervra is, het gesê dat die verwerkte voedselbedryf in die 1960's en 70's 'n gesellige verhouding met wetenskaplikes speel, 'n groot rol gespeel in die behoud van transvet in die dieet van mense.

'Ander wetenskaplikes stel meer belang in wat die bedryf dink as wat ek dink,' het hy gesê. Hy is gereeld deur die bedryfsverteenwoordigers ontstel toe hy sy navorsing op wetenskaplike konferensies aangebied het, het hy gesê.

Maar hy het geleidelik die belangrikste lede van die wetenskaplike onderneming gewen. Dr Walter Willett, professor in epidemiologie en voeding aan die TH Chan School of Public Health aan Harvard, het professor Kummerow geloof dat hy hom geïnspireer het om transvette in te sluit vir analise as deel van Harvard se uiters invloedryke Verpleegstersgesondheidstudie, die resultate van wat in 1993 gepubliseer is.

Een bevinding toon 'n direkte verband tussen die verbruik van voedsel wat transvette bevat en hartsiektes by vroue. It was a turning point in scientific and medical thinking about trans fats.

Fred A. Kummerow in 2013 at the University of Illinois. Credit Sally Ryan for The New York Times
Yet it took another two decades for Professor Kummerow s research to be translated into regulatory action. The American Heart Association began warning about trans fats around 2004. Finally, in 2015 58 years after Professor Kummerow published his findings the F.D.A. ruled that trans fats were not considered safe and could no longer be added to food after June 18, 2018, unless a manufacturer could present convincing scientific evidence that a particular use was safe.

Dr. Willett estimated that the elimination of industrial trans fats will prevent 90,000 premature deaths a year.

Fred August Kummerow was born on Oct. 4, 1914, in Berlin into a poor family. His father, a laborer, moved the family to the United States in 1923 to join relatives in Milwaukee, where he found a job at a cement block factory. Professor Kummerow said he would likely have been destined for similar work had he not received a chemistry set from his uncle on his 12th birthday. It opened the world of science to me, he said.

He received a chemistry degree from the University of Wisconsin at Madison in 1939 and continued there for graduate studies. He received a Ph.D. in biochemistry in 1943.

During and immediately after World War II, while conducting research into lipids at Kansas State University, Professor Kummerow was awarded contracts by the Army Quartermaster Corps to help eliminate rancidity in frozen turkeys and chickens sent to troops overseas. A simple change in the poultry feed solved the problem, making possible the sale of frozen poultry in grocery stores.

Professor Kummerow moved his lipid research program to the University of Illinois in 1950 and remained there for the rest of his career.

Funding for the study of heart disease increased significantly after President Dwight D. Eisenhower had a severe heart attack in 1955. Grants from the National Institutes of Health enabled Professor Kummerow to conduct the research that led to the discovery of trans fats in diseased arteries.

He traveled frequently behind the Iron Curtain, speaking with scientists in the Soviet Union, as well as in Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and East Germany. After the meetings, he sent reports to the State Department.

Professor Kummerow began his campaign to halt the use of trans fats when he found that food manufacturers had continued to rely heavily on trans fats even after his findings were corroborated by other scientists. In 2009 he filed a petition with the F.D.A. to ban the use of trans fats but, he said, received no response. He then sued the agency in 2013.

He is survived by a son, Max two daughters, Jean and Kay three grandchildren and a great-grandson. His wife of 70 years, Amy, died of Parkinson s disease at 94.

Dr. Willett, of Harvard, said trans fats had also been implicated in diabetes. In 2001, he co-wrote a paper showing a diet low in trans fats could help prevent Type 2 diabetes in women. Heart disease was the tip of the iceberg, he said.

Professor Kummerow was one of the first scientists to suggest that the saturated fat in butter, cheese and meats did not contribute to the clogging of arteries and was in fact beneficial in moderate amounts. This hypothesis, controversial at the time, was proved correct.


Fred A. Kummerow, Crusader Against Trans Fats, Dies at 102 - Recipes

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Fred A. Kummerow, a German-born biochemist and lifelong contrarian whose nearly 50 years of advocacy led to a federal government ban on the use of trans-fatty acids in processed foods, a ruling that could prevent tens of thousands of premature deaths a year, died on Wednesday at his home in Urbana, Ill. He was 102.

His family announced his death. He had been a longtime professor at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

Artificial trans fats derived from the hydrogen-treated oils used to give margarine its easy-to-spread texture and prolong the shelf life of crackers, cookies, icing and hundreds of other staples in the American diet were ruled unsafe by the Food and Drug Administration partly in response to a lawsuit that Professor Kummerow filed against the agency in 2013, two months shy of his 99th birthday. The ban, announced in 2015, goes into effect in 2018.

He had been one of the first scientists to suggest a link between processed foods and heart disease. In the 1950s, while studying lipids at the university, he analyzed diseased arteries from about two dozen people who had died of heart attacks and discovered that the vessels were filled with trans fats.

He followed up with a study involving pigs that were given a diet heavy in such artificial fats. He found high levels of artery-clogging plaque in them.

Professor Kummerow published his findings about the role of trans fats in 1957, a time when the prevailing view held that saturated fats like those found in butter and cream were the big culprit in atherosclerosis.

His report, which appeared in the journal Science, was not merely criticized. It was dismissed. Detractors pointed out that his research had been conducted on animals, which sometimes react very differently than humans do.

For many years, he was a lonely voice in the wilderness, said Michael Jacobson, president of the Center for Science in the Public Interest, a health advocacy organization based in Washington that in the 1980s began working to require the use of safer oils in food products.

Interviewed for this obituary in 2016, Professor Kummerow said that in the 1960s and 70s the processed food industry, enjoying a cozy relationship with scientists, played a large role in keeping trans fats in people s diets.

Other scientists were more interested in what the industry was thinking than what I was thinking, he said. He was often heckled by industry representatives when he presented his research at scientific conferences, he said.

But he gradually won over key members of the scientific establishment. Dr. Walter Willett, a professor of epidemiology and nutrition at the T. H. Chan School of Public Health at Harvard, credited Professor Kummerow with inspiring him to include trans fats for analysis as part of Harvard s highly influential Nurses Health Study, the results of which were published in 1993.

One finding showed a direct link between the consumption of foods containing trans fats and heart disease in women. It was a turning point in scientific and medical thinking about trans fats.

Fred A. Kummerow in 2013 at the University of Illinois. Credit Sally Ryan for The New York Times
Yet it took another two decades for Professor Kummerow s research to be translated into regulatory action. The American Heart Association began warning about trans fats around 2004. Finally, in 2015 58 years after Professor Kummerow published his findings the F.D.A. ruled that trans fats were not considered safe and could no longer be added to food after June 18, 2018, unless a manufacturer could present convincing scientific evidence that a particular use was safe.

Dr. Willett estimated that the elimination of industrial trans fats will prevent 90,000 premature deaths a year.

Fred August Kummerow was born on Oct. 4, 1914, in Berlin into a poor family. His father, a laborer, moved the family to the United States in 1923 to join relatives in Milwaukee, where he found a job at a cement block factory. Professor Kummerow said he would likely have been destined for similar work had he not received a chemistry set from his uncle on his 12th birthday. It opened the world of science to me, he said.

He received a chemistry degree from the University of Wisconsin at Madison in 1939 and continued there for graduate studies. He received a Ph.D. in biochemistry in 1943.

During and immediately after World War II, while conducting research into lipids at Kansas State University, Professor Kummerow was awarded contracts by the Army Quartermaster Corps to help eliminate rancidity in frozen turkeys and chickens sent to troops overseas. A simple change in the poultry feed solved the problem, making possible the sale of frozen poultry in grocery stores.

Professor Kummerow moved his lipid research program to the University of Illinois in 1950 and remained there for the rest of his career.

Funding for the study of heart disease increased significantly after President Dwight D. Eisenhower had a severe heart attack in 1955. Grants from the National Institutes of Health enabled Professor Kummerow to conduct the research that led to the discovery of trans fats in diseased arteries.

He traveled frequently behind the Iron Curtain, speaking with scientists in the Soviet Union, as well as in Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and East Germany. After the meetings, he sent reports to the State Department.

Professor Kummerow began his campaign to halt the use of trans fats when he found that food manufacturers had continued to rely heavily on trans fats even after his findings were corroborated by other scientists. In 2009 he filed a petition with the F.D.A. to ban the use of trans fats but, he said, received no response. He then sued the agency in 2013.

He is survived by a son, Max two daughters, Jean and Kay three grandchildren and a great-grandson. His wife of 70 years, Amy, died of Parkinson s disease at 94.

Dr. Willett, of Harvard, said trans fats had also been implicated in diabetes. In 2001, he co-wrote a paper showing a diet low in trans fats could help prevent Type 2 diabetes in women. Heart disease was the tip of the iceberg, he said.

Professor Kummerow was one of the first scientists to suggest that the saturated fat in butter, cheese and meats did not contribute to the clogging of arteries and was in fact beneficial in moderate amounts. This hypothesis, controversial at the time, was proved correct.


Fred A. Kummerow, Crusader Against Trans Fats, Dies at 102 - Recipes

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A sugar-free zone

Fred A. Kummerow, a German-born biochemist and lifelong contrarian whose nearly 50 years of advocacy led to a federal government ban on the use of trans-fatty acids in processed foods, a ruling that could prevent tens of thousands of premature deaths a year, died on Wednesday at his home in Urbana, Ill. He was 102.

His family announced his death. He had been a longtime professor at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

Artificial trans fats derived from the hydrogen-treated oils used to give margarine its easy-to-spread texture and prolong the shelf life of crackers, cookies, icing and hundreds of other staples in the American diet were ruled unsafe by the Food and Drug Administration partly in response to a lawsuit that Professor Kummerow filed against the agency in 2013, two months shy of his 99th birthday. The ban, announced in 2015, goes into effect in 2018.

He had been one of the first scientists to suggest a link between processed foods and heart disease. In the 1950s, while studying lipids at the university, he analyzed diseased arteries from about two dozen people who had died of heart attacks and discovered that the vessels were filled with trans fats.

He followed up with a study involving pigs that were given a diet heavy in such artificial fats. He found high levels of artery-clogging plaque in them.

Professor Kummerow published his findings about the role of trans fats in 1957, a time when the prevailing view held that saturated fats like those found in butter and cream were the big culprit in atherosclerosis.

His report, which appeared in the journal Science, was not merely criticized. It was dismissed. Detractors pointed out that his research had been conducted on animals, which sometimes react very differently than humans do.

For many years, he was a lonely voice in the wilderness, said Michael Jacobson, president of the Center for Science in the Public Interest, a health advocacy organization based in Washington that in the 1980s began working to require the use of safer oils in food products.

Interviewed for this obituary in 2016, Professor Kummerow said that in the 1960s and 70s the processed food industry, enjoying a cozy relationship with scientists, played a large role in keeping trans fats in people s diets.

Other scientists were more interested in what the industry was thinking than what I was thinking, he said. He was often heckled by industry representatives when he presented his research at scientific conferences, he said.

But he gradually won over key members of the scientific establishment. Dr. Walter Willett, a professor of epidemiology and nutrition at the T. H. Chan School of Public Health at Harvard, credited Professor Kummerow with inspiring him to include trans fats for analysis as part of Harvard s highly influential Nurses Health Study, the results of which were published in 1993.

One finding showed a direct link between the consumption of foods containing trans fats and heart disease in women. It was a turning point in scientific and medical thinking about trans fats.

Fred A. Kummerow in 2013 at the University of Illinois. Credit Sally Ryan for The New York Times
Yet it took another two decades for Professor Kummerow s research to be translated into regulatory action. The American Heart Association began warning about trans fats around 2004. Finally, in 2015 58 years after Professor Kummerow published his findings the F.D.A. ruled that trans fats were not considered safe and could no longer be added to food after June 18, 2018, unless a manufacturer could present convincing scientific evidence that a particular use was safe.

Dr. Willett estimated that the elimination of industrial trans fats will prevent 90,000 premature deaths a year.

Fred August Kummerow was born on Oct. 4, 1914, in Berlin into a poor family. His father, a laborer, moved the family to the United States in 1923 to join relatives in Milwaukee, where he found a job at a cement block factory. Professor Kummerow said he would likely have been destined for similar work had he not received a chemistry set from his uncle on his 12th birthday. It opened the world of science to me, he said.

He received a chemistry degree from the University of Wisconsin at Madison in 1939 and continued there for graduate studies. He received a Ph.D. in biochemistry in 1943.

During and immediately after World War II, while conducting research into lipids at Kansas State University, Professor Kummerow was awarded contracts by the Army Quartermaster Corps to help eliminate rancidity in frozen turkeys and chickens sent to troops overseas. A simple change in the poultry feed solved the problem, making possible the sale of frozen poultry in grocery stores.

Professor Kummerow moved his lipid research program to the University of Illinois in 1950 and remained there for the rest of his career.

Funding for the study of heart disease increased significantly after President Dwight D. Eisenhower had a severe heart attack in 1955. Grants from the National Institutes of Health enabled Professor Kummerow to conduct the research that led to the discovery of trans fats in diseased arteries.

He traveled frequently behind the Iron Curtain, speaking with scientists in the Soviet Union, as well as in Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and East Germany. After the meetings, he sent reports to the State Department.

Professor Kummerow began his campaign to halt the use of trans fats when he found that food manufacturers had continued to rely heavily on trans fats even after his findings were corroborated by other scientists. In 2009 he filed a petition with the F.D.A. to ban the use of trans fats but, he said, received no response. He then sued the agency in 2013.

He is survived by a son, Max two daughters, Jean and Kay three grandchildren and a great-grandson. His wife of 70 years, Amy, died of Parkinson s disease at 94.

Dr. Willett, of Harvard, said trans fats had also been implicated in diabetes. In 2001, he co-wrote a paper showing a diet low in trans fats could help prevent Type 2 diabetes in women. Heart disease was the tip of the iceberg, he said.

Professor Kummerow was one of the first scientists to suggest that the saturated fat in butter, cheese and meats did not contribute to the clogging of arteries and was in fact beneficial in moderate amounts. This hypothesis, controversial at the time, was proved correct.


Fred A. Kummerow, Crusader Against Trans Fats, Dies at 102 - Recipes

Active Low-Carber Forums
A sugar-free zone

Fred A. Kummerow, a German-born biochemist and lifelong contrarian whose nearly 50 years of advocacy led to a federal government ban on the use of trans-fatty acids in processed foods, a ruling that could prevent tens of thousands of premature deaths a year, died on Wednesday at his home in Urbana, Ill. He was 102.

His family announced his death. He had been a longtime professor at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

Artificial trans fats derived from the hydrogen-treated oils used to give margarine its easy-to-spread texture and prolong the shelf life of crackers, cookies, icing and hundreds of other staples in the American diet were ruled unsafe by the Food and Drug Administration partly in response to a lawsuit that Professor Kummerow filed against the agency in 2013, two months shy of his 99th birthday. The ban, announced in 2015, goes into effect in 2018.

He had been one of the first scientists to suggest a link between processed foods and heart disease. In the 1950s, while studying lipids at the university, he analyzed diseased arteries from about two dozen people who had died of heart attacks and discovered that the vessels were filled with trans fats.

He followed up with a study involving pigs that were given a diet heavy in such artificial fats. He found high levels of artery-clogging plaque in them.

Professor Kummerow published his findings about the role of trans fats in 1957, a time when the prevailing view held that saturated fats like those found in butter and cream were the big culprit in atherosclerosis.

His report, which appeared in the journal Science, was not merely criticized. It was dismissed. Detractors pointed out that his research had been conducted on animals, which sometimes react very differently than humans do.

For many years, he was a lonely voice in the wilderness, said Michael Jacobson, president of the Center for Science in the Public Interest, a health advocacy organization based in Washington that in the 1980s began working to require the use of safer oils in food products.

Interviewed for this obituary in 2016, Professor Kummerow said that in the 1960s and 70s the processed food industry, enjoying a cozy relationship with scientists, played a large role in keeping trans fats in people s diets.

Other scientists were more interested in what the industry was thinking than what I was thinking, he said. He was often heckled by industry representatives when he presented his research at scientific conferences, he said.

But he gradually won over key members of the scientific establishment. Dr. Walter Willett, a professor of epidemiology and nutrition at the T. H. Chan School of Public Health at Harvard, credited Professor Kummerow with inspiring him to include trans fats for analysis as part of Harvard s highly influential Nurses Health Study, the results of which were published in 1993.

One finding showed a direct link between the consumption of foods containing trans fats and heart disease in women. It was a turning point in scientific and medical thinking about trans fats.

Fred A. Kummerow in 2013 at the University of Illinois. Credit Sally Ryan for The New York Times
Yet it took another two decades for Professor Kummerow s research to be translated into regulatory action. The American Heart Association began warning about trans fats around 2004. Finally, in 2015 58 years after Professor Kummerow published his findings the F.D.A. ruled that trans fats were not considered safe and could no longer be added to food after June 18, 2018, unless a manufacturer could present convincing scientific evidence that a particular use was safe.

Dr. Willett estimated that the elimination of industrial trans fats will prevent 90,000 premature deaths a year.

Fred August Kummerow was born on Oct. 4, 1914, in Berlin into a poor family. His father, a laborer, moved the family to the United States in 1923 to join relatives in Milwaukee, where he found a job at a cement block factory. Professor Kummerow said he would likely have been destined for similar work had he not received a chemistry set from his uncle on his 12th birthday. It opened the world of science to me, he said.

He received a chemistry degree from the University of Wisconsin at Madison in 1939 and continued there for graduate studies. He received a Ph.D. in biochemistry in 1943.

During and immediately after World War II, while conducting research into lipids at Kansas State University, Professor Kummerow was awarded contracts by the Army Quartermaster Corps to help eliminate rancidity in frozen turkeys and chickens sent to troops overseas. A simple change in the poultry feed solved the problem, making possible the sale of frozen poultry in grocery stores.

Professor Kummerow moved his lipid research program to the University of Illinois in 1950 and remained there for the rest of his career.

Funding for the study of heart disease increased significantly after President Dwight D. Eisenhower had a severe heart attack in 1955. Grants from the National Institutes of Health enabled Professor Kummerow to conduct the research that led to the discovery of trans fats in diseased arteries.

He traveled frequently behind the Iron Curtain, speaking with scientists in the Soviet Union, as well as in Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and East Germany. After the meetings, he sent reports to the State Department.

Professor Kummerow began his campaign to halt the use of trans fats when he found that food manufacturers had continued to rely heavily on trans fats even after his findings were corroborated by other scientists. In 2009 he filed a petition with the F.D.A. to ban the use of trans fats but, he said, received no response. He then sued the agency in 2013.

He is survived by a son, Max two daughters, Jean and Kay three grandchildren and a great-grandson. His wife of 70 years, Amy, died of Parkinson s disease at 94.

Dr. Willett, of Harvard, said trans fats had also been implicated in diabetes. In 2001, he co-wrote a paper showing a diet low in trans fats could help prevent Type 2 diabetes in women. Heart disease was the tip of the iceberg, he said.

Professor Kummerow was one of the first scientists to suggest that the saturated fat in butter, cheese and meats did not contribute to the clogging of arteries and was in fact beneficial in moderate amounts. This hypothesis, controversial at the time, was proved correct.


Fred A. Kummerow, Crusader Against Trans Fats, Dies at 102 - Recipes

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A sugar-free zone

Fred A. Kummerow, a German-born biochemist and lifelong contrarian whose nearly 50 years of advocacy led to a federal government ban on the use of trans-fatty acids in processed foods, a ruling that could prevent tens of thousands of premature deaths a year, died on Wednesday at his home in Urbana, Ill. He was 102.

His family announced his death. He had been a longtime professor at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

Artificial trans fats derived from the hydrogen-treated oils used to give margarine its easy-to-spread texture and prolong the shelf life of crackers, cookies, icing and hundreds of other staples in the American diet were ruled unsafe by the Food and Drug Administration partly in response to a lawsuit that Professor Kummerow filed against the agency in 2013, two months shy of his 99th birthday. The ban, announced in 2015, goes into effect in 2018.

He had been one of the first scientists to suggest a link between processed foods and heart disease. In the 1950s, while studying lipids at the university, he analyzed diseased arteries from about two dozen people who had died of heart attacks and discovered that the vessels were filled with trans fats.

He followed up with a study involving pigs that were given a diet heavy in such artificial fats. He found high levels of artery-clogging plaque in them.

Professor Kummerow published his findings about the role of trans fats in 1957, a time when the prevailing view held that saturated fats like those found in butter and cream were the big culprit in atherosclerosis.

His report, which appeared in the journal Science, was not merely criticized. It was dismissed. Detractors pointed out that his research had been conducted on animals, which sometimes react very differently than humans do.

For many years, he was a lonely voice in the wilderness, said Michael Jacobson, president of the Center for Science in the Public Interest, a health advocacy organization based in Washington that in the 1980s began working to require the use of safer oils in food products.

Interviewed for this obituary in 2016, Professor Kummerow said that in the 1960s and 70s the processed food industry, enjoying a cozy relationship with scientists, played a large role in keeping trans fats in people s diets.

Other scientists were more interested in what the industry was thinking than what I was thinking, he said. He was often heckled by industry representatives when he presented his research at scientific conferences, he said.

But he gradually won over key members of the scientific establishment. Dr. Walter Willett, a professor of epidemiology and nutrition at the T. H. Chan School of Public Health at Harvard, credited Professor Kummerow with inspiring him to include trans fats for analysis as part of Harvard s highly influential Nurses Health Study, the results of which were published in 1993.

One finding showed a direct link between the consumption of foods containing trans fats and heart disease in women. It was a turning point in scientific and medical thinking about trans fats.

Fred A. Kummerow in 2013 at the University of Illinois. Credit Sally Ryan for The New York Times
Yet it took another two decades for Professor Kummerow s research to be translated into regulatory action. The American Heart Association began warning about trans fats around 2004. Finally, in 2015 58 years after Professor Kummerow published his findings the F.D.A. ruled that trans fats were not considered safe and could no longer be added to food after June 18, 2018, unless a manufacturer could present convincing scientific evidence that a particular use was safe.

Dr. Willett estimated that the elimination of industrial trans fats will prevent 90,000 premature deaths a year.

Fred August Kummerow was born on Oct. 4, 1914, in Berlin into a poor family. His father, a laborer, moved the family to the United States in 1923 to join relatives in Milwaukee, where he found a job at a cement block factory. Professor Kummerow said he would likely have been destined for similar work had he not received a chemistry set from his uncle on his 12th birthday. It opened the world of science to me, he said.

He received a chemistry degree from the University of Wisconsin at Madison in 1939 and continued there for graduate studies. He received a Ph.D. in biochemistry in 1943.

During and immediately after World War II, while conducting research into lipids at Kansas State University, Professor Kummerow was awarded contracts by the Army Quartermaster Corps to help eliminate rancidity in frozen turkeys and chickens sent to troops overseas. A simple change in the poultry feed solved the problem, making possible the sale of frozen poultry in grocery stores.

Professor Kummerow moved his lipid research program to the University of Illinois in 1950 and remained there for the rest of his career.

Funding for the study of heart disease increased significantly after President Dwight D. Eisenhower had a severe heart attack in 1955. Grants from the National Institutes of Health enabled Professor Kummerow to conduct the research that led to the discovery of trans fats in diseased arteries.

He traveled frequently behind the Iron Curtain, speaking with scientists in the Soviet Union, as well as in Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and East Germany. After the meetings, he sent reports to the State Department.

Professor Kummerow began his campaign to halt the use of trans fats when he found that food manufacturers had continued to rely heavily on trans fats even after his findings were corroborated by other scientists. In 2009 he filed a petition with the F.D.A. to ban the use of trans fats but, he said, received no response. He then sued the agency in 2013.

He is survived by a son, Max two daughters, Jean and Kay three grandchildren and a great-grandson. His wife of 70 years, Amy, died of Parkinson s disease at 94.

Dr. Willett, of Harvard, said trans fats had also been implicated in diabetes. In 2001, he co-wrote a paper showing a diet low in trans fats could help prevent Type 2 diabetes in women. Heart disease was the tip of the iceberg, he said.

Professor Kummerow was one of the first scientists to suggest that the saturated fat in butter, cheese and meats did not contribute to the clogging of arteries and was in fact beneficial in moderate amounts. This hypothesis, controversial at the time, was proved correct.


Fred A. Kummerow, Crusader Against Trans Fats, Dies at 102 - Recipes

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Fred A. Kummerow, a German-born biochemist and lifelong contrarian whose nearly 50 years of advocacy led to a federal government ban on the use of trans-fatty acids in processed foods, a ruling that could prevent tens of thousands of premature deaths a year, died on Wednesday at his home in Urbana, Ill. He was 102.

His family announced his death. He had been a longtime professor at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

Artificial trans fats derived from the hydrogen-treated oils used to give margarine its easy-to-spread texture and prolong the shelf life of crackers, cookies, icing and hundreds of other staples in the American diet were ruled unsafe by the Food and Drug Administration partly in response to a lawsuit that Professor Kummerow filed against the agency in 2013, two months shy of his 99th birthday. The ban, announced in 2015, goes into effect in 2018.

He had been one of the first scientists to suggest a link between processed foods and heart disease. In the 1950s, while studying lipids at the university, he analyzed diseased arteries from about two dozen people who had died of heart attacks and discovered that the vessels were filled with trans fats.

He followed up with a study involving pigs that were given a diet heavy in such artificial fats. He found high levels of artery-clogging plaque in them.

Professor Kummerow published his findings about the role of trans fats in 1957, a time when the prevailing view held that saturated fats like those found in butter and cream were the big culprit in atherosclerosis.

His report, which appeared in the journal Science, was not merely criticized. It was dismissed. Detractors pointed out that his research had been conducted on animals, which sometimes react very differently than humans do.

For many years, he was a lonely voice in the wilderness, said Michael Jacobson, president of the Center for Science in the Public Interest, a health advocacy organization based in Washington that in the 1980s began working to require the use of safer oils in food products.

Interviewed for this obituary in 2016, Professor Kummerow said that in the 1960s and 70s the processed food industry, enjoying a cozy relationship with scientists, played a large role in keeping trans fats in people s diets.

Other scientists were more interested in what the industry was thinking than what I was thinking, he said. He was often heckled by industry representatives when he presented his research at scientific conferences, he said.

But he gradually won over key members of the scientific establishment. Dr. Walter Willett, a professor of epidemiology and nutrition at the T. H. Chan School of Public Health at Harvard, credited Professor Kummerow with inspiring him to include trans fats for analysis as part of Harvard s highly influential Nurses Health Study, the results of which were published in 1993.

One finding showed a direct link between the consumption of foods containing trans fats and heart disease in women. It was a turning point in scientific and medical thinking about trans fats.

Fred A. Kummerow in 2013 at the University of Illinois. Credit Sally Ryan for The New York Times
Yet it took another two decades for Professor Kummerow s research to be translated into regulatory action. The American Heart Association began warning about trans fats around 2004. Finally, in 2015 58 years after Professor Kummerow published his findings the F.D.A. ruled that trans fats were not considered safe and could no longer be added to food after June 18, 2018, unless a manufacturer could present convincing scientific evidence that a particular use was safe.

Dr. Willett estimated that the elimination of industrial trans fats will prevent 90,000 premature deaths a year.

Fred August Kummerow was born on Oct. 4, 1914, in Berlin into a poor family. His father, a laborer, moved the family to the United States in 1923 to join relatives in Milwaukee, where he found a job at a cement block factory. Professor Kummerow said he would likely have been destined for similar work had he not received a chemistry set from his uncle on his 12th birthday. It opened the world of science to me, he said.

He received a chemistry degree from the University of Wisconsin at Madison in 1939 and continued there for graduate studies. He received a Ph.D. in biochemistry in 1943.

During and immediately after World War II, while conducting research into lipids at Kansas State University, Professor Kummerow was awarded contracts by the Army Quartermaster Corps to help eliminate rancidity in frozen turkeys and chickens sent to troops overseas. A simple change in the poultry feed solved the problem, making possible the sale of frozen poultry in grocery stores.

Professor Kummerow moved his lipid research program to the University of Illinois in 1950 and remained there for the rest of his career.

Funding for the study of heart disease increased significantly after President Dwight D. Eisenhower had a severe heart attack in 1955. Grants from the National Institutes of Health enabled Professor Kummerow to conduct the research that led to the discovery of trans fats in diseased arteries.

He traveled frequently behind the Iron Curtain, speaking with scientists in the Soviet Union, as well as in Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and East Germany. After the meetings, he sent reports to the State Department.

Professor Kummerow began his campaign to halt the use of trans fats when he found that food manufacturers had continued to rely heavily on trans fats even after his findings were corroborated by other scientists. In 2009 he filed a petition with the F.D.A. to ban the use of trans fats but, he said, received no response. He then sued the agency in 2013.

He is survived by a son, Max two daughters, Jean and Kay three grandchildren and a great-grandson. His wife of 70 years, Amy, died of Parkinson s disease at 94.

Dr. Willett, of Harvard, said trans fats had also been implicated in diabetes. In 2001, he co-wrote a paper showing a diet low in trans fats could help prevent Type 2 diabetes in women. Heart disease was the tip of the iceberg, he said.

Professor Kummerow was one of the first scientists to suggest that the saturated fat in butter, cheese and meats did not contribute to the clogging of arteries and was in fact beneficial in moderate amounts. This hypothesis, controversial at the time, was proved correct.


Kyk die video: Trans Fat Song (Oktober 2021).